GHS Classification

Hazard Class Pictograms

GHS Hazard Statements

EU Hazard Statements

SWA Hazard Statements

Precautionary Statements

GHS, the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals, was developed by the United Nations as a way to bring into agreement the chemical regulations and standards of different countries. GHS includes criteria for the classification of health, physical and environmental hazards, as well as specifying what information should be included on labels of hazardous chemicals as well as safety data sheets. This page summarizes the relationship of GHS hazard statements, pictograms, signal words, hazard classes, categories, and precautionary statements.


Ref: UNECE GHS (Rev.7) (2017)

Hazard Class Pictograms

Exploding Bomb
Explosives
GHS01
Flame
Flammables
GHS02
Flame Over Circle
Oxidizers
GHS03
Gas Cylinder
Compressed Gases
GHS04
Corrosion
Corrosives
GHS05
Skull and Crossbones
Acute Toxicity
GHS06
Exclamation Mark
Irritant
GHS07
Health Hazard
GHS08
Environment
GHS09
Note: All pictograms are shown in svg format in the page. The corresponding gif images are also available, e.g. https://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/images/ghs/GHS08.gif.

GHS Hazard Statements

CodeHazard Statements Hazard ClassCategory PictogramSignal Word    Precautionary Statements P-Codes
Prevention Response StorageDisposal
H200Unstable ExplosiveExplosivesUnstable ExplosiveDangerP201, P202, P281P372, P373, P380P401P501
H201Explosive; mass explosion hazardDiv 1.1DangerP210, P230, P240, P250, P280P370+P380, P372, P373P401P501
H202Explosive; severe projection hazardDiv 1.2DangerP210, P230, P240, P250, P280P370+P380, P372, P373P401P501
H203Explosive; fire, blast or projection hazardDiv 1.3DangerP210, P230, P240, P250, P280P370+P380, P372, P373P401P501
H204Fire or projection hazardDiv 1.4WarningP210, P240, P250, P280P370+P380, P372, P373, P374P401P501
H205May mass explode in fireDiv 1.5NoneDangerP210, P230, P240, P250, P280P370+P380, P372, P373P401P501
Div 1.6*
H206Fire, blast or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reducedDesensitized explosivesCategory 1DangerP210, P212, P230, P233, P280P370+P380+P375P401P501
H207Fire or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reducedCategory 2DangerP210, P212, P230, P233, P280P370+P380+P375P401P501
H207Fire or projection hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reducedCategory 3WarningP210, P212, P230, P233, P280P370+P380+P375P401P501
H208Fire hazard; increased risk of explosion if desensitizing agent is reducedCategory 4WarningP210, P212, P230, P233, P280P371+P380+P375P401P501
H220Extremely flammable gasFlammable gasesCategory 1DangerP210P377, P381P403
H221Flammable gasCategory 2NoneWarningP210P377, P381P403
H222Extremely flammable aerosolFlammable aerosolsCategory 1DangerP210, P211, P251P410+P412
H223Flammable aerosolCategory 2WarningP210, P211, P251P410+P412
H224Extremely flammable liquid and vaporFlammable liquidsCategory 1DangerP210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P280P303+P361+P353, P370+P378P403+P235P501
H225Highly Flammable liquid and vaporCategory 2DangerP210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P280P303+P361+P353, P370+P378P403+P235P501
H226Flammable liquid and vaporCategory 3WarningP210, P233, P240, P241, P242, P243, P280P303+P361+P353, P370+P378P403+P235P501
H227Combustible liquidCategory 4NoneWarningP210, P280P370+P378P403+P235P501
H228Flammable solidFlammable solidsCategory 1DangerP210, P240, P241, P280P370+P378
H228Flammable solidCategory 2WarningP210, P240, P241, P280P370+P378
H229Pressurized container: may burst if heatedAerosolsCategory 1DangerP210, P211, P251P410+P412
H229Pressurized container: may burst if heatedCategory 2WarningP210, P211, P251P410+P412
H229Pressurized container: may burst if heatedCategory 3NoneWarningP210, P211, P251P410+P412
H230May react explosively even in the absence of airFlammable gases Type ANoneP202
H231May react explosively even in the absence of air at elevated pressure and/or temperatureType BNoneP202
H232May ignite spontaneously if exposed to airPyrophoric gasDangerP222
H240Heating may cause an explosionSelf-reactive substances and mixtures; and Organic peroxidesType ADangerP210, P220, P234, P280P370+P378, P370+P380+P375P403+P235, P411, P420P501
H241Heating may cause a fire or explosionType BDangerP210, P220, P234, P280P370+P378, P370+P380+P375P403+P235, P411, P420P501
H242Heating may cause a fireType C, DDangerP210, P220, P234, P280P370+P378P403+P235, P411, P420P501
H242Heating may cause a fireType E, F, GWarningP210, P220, P234, P280P370+P378P403+P235, P411, P420P501
H250Catches fire spontaneously if exposed to airPyrophoric liquids; Pyrophoric solidsCategory 1DangerP210, P222, P280P302+P334, P370+P378P422
H251Self-heating; may catch fireSelf-heating substances and mixturesCategory 1DangerP235+P410, P280P407, P413, P420
H252Self-heating in large quantities; may catch fireCategory 2WarningP235+P410, P280P407, P413, P420
H260In contact with water releases flammable gases which may ignite spontaneouslySubstances And Mixtures Which, In Contact With Water, Emit Flammable GasesCategory 1DangerP223, P231+P232, P280P335+P334, P370+P378P402+P404P501
H261In contact with water releases flammable gasCategory 2DangerP223, P231+P232, P280P335+P334, P370+P378P402+P404P501
H261In contact with water releases flammable gasCategory 3WarningP231+P232, P280P370+P378P402+P404P501
H270May cause or intensify fire; oxidizerOxidizing gasesCategory 1DangerP220, P244P370+P376P403
H271May cause fire or explosion; strong OxidizerOxidizing liquids; Oxidizing solidsCategory 1DangerP210, P220, P221, P280, P283P306+P360, P371+P380+P375, P370+P378P501
H272May intensify fire; oxidizerCategory 2DangerP210, P220, P221, P280P370+P378P501
H272May intensify fire; oxidizerCategory 3WarningP210, P220, P221, P280P370+P378P501
H280Contains gas under pressure; may explode if heatedGases under pressureCompressed gas, Liquefied gas, Dissolved gasWarningP410+P403
H281Contains refrigerated gas; may cause cryogenic burns or injuryRefrigerated liquefied gasWarningP282P336, P315P403
H290May be corrosive to metalsCorrosive to MetalsCategory 1WarningP234P390P404
H300Fatal if swallowedAcute toxicity, oralCategory 1, 2DangerP264, P270P301+P310, P321, P330P405P501
H301Toxic if swallowedCategory 3DangerP264, P270P301+P310, P321, P330P405P501
H302Harmful if swallowedCategory 4WarningP264, P270P301+P312, P330P501
H303May be harmful if swallowedCategory 5NoneWarningP312
H304May be fatal if swallowed and enters airwaysAspiration hazardCategory 1DangerP301+P310, P331P405P501
H305May be fatal if swallowed and enters airwaysCategory 2WarningP301+P310, P331P405P501
H310Fatal in contact with skinAcute toxicity, dermalCategory 1, 2DangerP262, P264, P270, P280P302+P350, P310, P322, P361, P363P405P501
H311Toxic in contact with skinCategory 3DangerP280P302+P352, P312, P322, P361, P363P405P501
H312Harmful in contact with skinCategory 4WarningP280P302+P352, P312, P322, P363P501
H313May be harmful in contact with skinCategory 5NoneP312
H314Causes severe skin burns and eye damageSkin corrosion/irritationCategory 1A, B, CDangerP260, P264, P280P301+P330+P331, P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340, P310, P321, P305+P351+P338P405P501
H315Causes skin irritationCategory 2WarningP264, P280P302+P352, P321, P332+P313, P362
H316Causes mild skin irritationCategory 3NoneWarningP332+P313
H317May cause an allergic skin reactionSensitization, SkinCategory 1WarningP261, P272, P280P302+P352, P333+P313, P321, P363P501
H318Causes serious eye damageSerious eye damage/eye irritationCategory 1DangerP280P305+P351+P338, P310
H319Causes serious eye irritationCategory 2AWarningP264, P280P305+P351+P338, P337+P313
H320Causes eye irritationCategory 2BNoneWarningP264P305+P351+P338, P337+P313
H330Fatal if inhaledAcute toxicity, inhalationCategory 1, 2DangerP260, P271, P284P304+P340, P310, P320P403+P233, P405P501
H331Toxic if inhaledCategory 3DangerP261, P271P304+P340, P311, P321P403+P233, P405P501
H332Harmful if inhaledCategory 4WarningP261, P271P304+P340, P312, P304+P312
H333May be harmful if inhaledCategory 5NoneWarningP261, P271P304+P340, P312, P304+P312
H334May cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaledSensitization, respiratoryCategory 1, 1A, 1BDangerP261, P285P304+P341, P342+P311P501
H335May cause respiratory irritationSpecific target organ toxicity, single exposure; Respiratory tract irritationCategory 3WarningP261, P271P304+P340, P312P403+P233, P405P501
H336May cause drowsiness or dizzinessSpecific target organ toxicity, single exposure; Narcotic effectsCategory 3WarningP261, P271P304+P340, P312P403+P233, P405P501
H340May cause genetic defectsGerm cell mutagenicityCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H341Suspected of causing genetic defectsCategory 2WarningP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H350May cause cancerCarcinogenicityCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H350iMay cause cancer by inhalationCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H351Suspected of causing cancerCategory 2WarningP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H360May damage fertility or the unborn childReproductive toxicityCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H360FMay damage fertilityCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H360DMay damage the unborn childCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H360FDMay damage fertility; May damage the unborn childCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H360FdMay damage fertility; Suspected of damaging the unborn childCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H360DfMay damage the unborn child; Suspected of damaging fertilityCategory 1A, 1BDangerP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H361Suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn childCategory 2WarningP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H361fSuspected of damaging fertilityCategory 2WarningP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H361dSuspected of damaging the unborn childCategory 2WarningP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H361fdSuspected of damaging fertility; Suspected of damaging the unborn childCategory 2WarningP201, P202, P281P308+P313P405P501
H362May cause harm to breast-fed childrenReproductive toxicity, effects on or via lactationAdditional categoryNoneP201, P260, P263, P264, P270P308+P313
H370Causes damage to organsSpecific target organ toxicity, single exposureCategory 1DangerP260, P264, P270P307+P311, P321P405P501
H371May cause damage to organsCategory 2WarningP260, P264, P270P309+P311P405P501
H372Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposureSpecific target organ toxicity, repeated exposureCategory 1DangerP260, P264, P270P314P501
H373Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposureCategory 2WarningP260P314P501
H400Very toxic to aquatic lifeHazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazardCategory 1WarningP273P391P501
H401Toxic to aquatic lifeCategory 2NoneP273P501
H402Harmful to aquatic lifeCategory 3NoneP273P501
H410Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effectsHazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazardCategory 1WarningP273P391P501
H411Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effectsCategory 2P273P391P501
H412Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effectsCategory 3NoneP273P501
H413May cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic lifeCategory 4NoneP273P501
H420Harms public health and the environment by destroying ozone in the upper atmosphereHazardous to the ozone layerCategory 1WarningP502
Combined H-Codes
H300+H310Fatal if swallowed or in contact with skinAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermalCategory 1, 2Danger
H300+H330Fatal if swallowed or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 1, 2Danger
H310+H330Fatal in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 1, 2Danger
H300+H310+H330Fatal if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 1, 2Danger
H301+H311Toxic if swallowed or in contact with skinAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermalCategory 3Danger
H301+H331Toxic if swallowed or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 3Danger
H311+H331Toxic in contact with skin or if inhaled.Acute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 3Danger
H301+H311+H331Toxic if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 3Danger
H302+H312Harmful if swallowed or in contact with skinAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermalCategory 4Warning
H302+H332Harmful if swallowed or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 4Warning
H312+H332Harmful in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 4Warning
H302+H312+H332Harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 4Warning
H303+H313May be harmful if swallowed or in contact with skinAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermalCategory 5NoneWarning
H303+H333May be harmful if swallowed or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 5NoneWarning
H313+H333May be harmful in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 5NoneWarning
H303+H313+H333May be harmful if swallowed, in contact with skin or if inhaledAcute toxicity, oral; acute toxicity, dermal; acute toxicity, inhalationCategory 5NoneWarning
H315+H320Cause skin and eye irritationSkin corrosion/irritation and serious eye damage/eye irritationCategory 2, 2BWarning

* Div 1.6 - Meets transportation requirements only. For more information, see A Guide to The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).

EU Hazard Statements

EUH001Explosive when dry
EUH006Explosive with or without contact with air
EUH014Reacts violently with water
EUH018In use may form flammable/explosive vapor-air mixture
EUH019May form explosive peroxides
EUH029Contact with water liberates toxic gas
EUH031Contact with acids liberates toxic gas
EUH032Contact with acids liberates very toxic gas
EUH044Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
EUH059Hazardous to the ozone layer
EUH066Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness or cracking
EUH070Toxic by eye contact

Safe Work Australia Hazard Statements

AUH001Explosive when dry
AUH006Explosive with or without contact with air
AUH014Reacts violently with water
AUH018In use, may form flammable/explosive vapour/air mixture
AUH019May form explosive peroxides
AUH029Contact with water liberates toxic gas
AUH031Contact with acid liberates toxic gas
AUH032Contact with acid liberates very toxic gas
AUH044Risk of explosion if heated under confinement
AUH066Repeated exposure may cause skin dryness and cracking

Precautionary Statements

General Precautionary Statements

P101If medical advice is needed, have product container or label at hand.
P102Keep out of reach of children.
P103Read label before use

Prevention Precautionary Statements

P201Obtain special instructions before use.
P202Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210Keep away from heat, hot surface, sparks, open flames and other ignition sources. - No smoking.
P211Do not spray on an open flame or other ignition source.
P212Avoid heating under confinement or reduction of the desensitized agent.
P220Keep away from clothing and other combustible materials.
P221Take any precaution to avoid mixing with combustibles/...
P222Do not allow contact with air.
P223Do not allow contact with water.
P230Keep wetted with ...
P231Handle under inert gas.
P232Protect from moisture.
P233Keep container tightly closed.
P234Keep only in original container.
P235Keep cool.
P240Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241Use explosion-proof [electrical/ventilating/lighting/.../] equipment.
P242Use only non-sparking tools.
P243Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P244Keep valves and fittings free from oil and grease.
P250Do not subject to grinding/shock/friction/...
P251Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P260Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P261Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapors/spray.
P262Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P263Avoid contact during pregnancy/while nursing.
P264Wash ... thoroughly after handling.
P270Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P272Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273Avoid release to the environment.
P280Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281Use personal protective equipment as required.
P282Wear cold insulating gloves/face shield/eye protection.
P283Wear fire resistant or flame retardant clothing.
P284[In case of inadequate ventilation] Wear respiratory protection.
P285In case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.
P231+P232Handle under inert gas/... Protect from moisture.
P235+P410Keep cool. Protect from sunlight.

Response Precautionary Statements

P301IF SWALLOWED:
P302IF ON SKIN:
P303IF ON SKIN (or hair):
P304IF INHALED:
P305IF IN EYES:
P306IF ON CLOTHING:
P307IF exposed:
P308IF exposed or concerned:
P309IF exposed or if you feel unwell
P310Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P311Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/...
P312Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/... if you feel unwell.
P313Get medical advice/attention.
P314Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell.
P315Get immediate medical advice/attention.
P320Specific treatment is urgent (see ... on this label).
P321Specific treatment (see ... on this label).
P322Specific measures (see ...on this label).
P330Rinse mouth.
P331Do NOT induce vomiting.
P332IF SKIN irritation occurs:
P333If skin irritation or rash occurs:
P334Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P335Brush off loose particles from skin.
P336Thaw frosted parts with lukewarm water. Do not rub affected area.
P337If eye irritation persists:
P338Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P340Remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P341If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P342If experiencing respiratory symptoms:
P350Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P351Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes.
P352Wash with plenty of water/...
P353Rinse skin with water [or shower].
P360Rinse immediately contaminated clothing and skin with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P361Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P362Take off contaminated clothing.
P363Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P364And wash it before reuse.[Added in 2015 version]
P370In case of fire:
P371In case of major fire and large quantities:
P372Explosion risk.
P373DO NOT fight fire when fire reaches explosives.
P374Fight fire with normal precautions from a reasonable distance.
P376Stop leak if safe to do so.
P377Leaking gas fire: Do not extinguish, unless leak can be stopped safely.
P378Use ... to extinguish.
P380Evacuate area.
P381In case of leakage, eliminate all ignition sources.
P390Absorb spillage to prevent material damage.
P391Collect spillage.
P301+P310IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
P301+P312IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER/doctor/... IF you feel unwell.
P301+P330+P331IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P302+P334IF ON SKIN: Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P302+P335+P334Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water [or wrap in wet bandages].
P302+P350IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.
P302+P352IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of water.
P303+P361+P353IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water [or shower].
P304+P312IF INHALED: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/... if you feel unwell.
P304+P340IF INHALED: Remove person to fresh air and keep comfortable for breathing.
P304+P341IF INHALED: If breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305+P351+P338IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do - continue rinsing.
P306+P360IF ON CLOTHING: Rinse Immediately contaminated CLOTHING and SKIN with plenty of water before removing clothes.
P307+P311IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P308+P311IF exposed or concerned: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
P308+P313IF exposed or concerned: Get medical advice/attention.
P309+P311IF exposed or if you feel unwell: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P332+P313IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P333+P313IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P335+P334Brush off loose particles from skin. Immerse in cool water/wrap in wet bandages.
P337+P313IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P342+P311IF experiencing respiratory symptoms: Call a POISON CENTER/doctor/...
P361+P364Take off immediately all contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P362+P364Take off contaminated clothing and wash it before reuse.
P370+P376in case of fire: Stop leak if safe to do so.
P370+P378In case of fire: Use ... to extinguish.
P370+P380In case of fire: Evacuate area.
P370+P380+P375In case of fire: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.
P371+P380+P375In case of major fire and large quantities: Evacuate area. Fight fire remotely due to the risk of explosion.

Storage Precautionary Statements

P401Store in accordance with ...
P402Store in a dry place.
P403Store in a well-ventilated place.
P404Store in a closed container.
P405Store locked up.
P406Store in corrosive resistant/... container with a resistant inner liner.
P407Maintain air gap between stacks or pallets.
P410Protect from sunlight.
P411Store at temperatures not exceeding ... °C/...°F.
P412Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/ 122 °F.
P413Store bulk masses greater than ... kg/...lbs at temperatures not exceeding ... °C/...°F.
P420Store separately.
P422Store contents under ...
P402+P404Store in a dry place. Store in a closed container.
P403+P233Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403+P235Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P410+P403Protect from sunlight. Store in a well-ventilated place.
P410+P412Protect from sunlight. Do not expose to temperatures exceeding 50 °C/122°F.
P411+P235Store at temperatures not exceeding ... °C/...°F. Keep cool.

Disposal Precautionary Statements

P501Dispose of contents/container to ...
P502Refer to manufacturer or supplier for information on recovery or recycling