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Compound Summary for: CID 2519


Also known as: Methyltheobromine; Guaranine; 1,3,7-Trimethylxanthine; Cafeina; Koffein; Mateina; Theine; Thein; Alert-pep
Molecular Formula: C8H10N4O2   Molecular Weight: 194.1906   InChIKey: RYYVLZVUVIJVGH-UHFFFAOYSA-N
A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.   From: MeSH
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Use and Manufacturing
Biomedical Effects and Toxicity
Safety and Handling
Environmental Fate and Exposure Potential
Exposure Standards and Regulations
Monitoring and Analysis Methods
Biomolecular Interactions and Pathways
Biological Test Results
Chemical and Physical Properties
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