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BioAssay: AID 749515

Inhibition of human BCR-ABL1 expressed in mouse BA/F3 cells assessed as cell growth inhibition by ATP-depletion assay

There has recently been a burgeoning interest in impeding drug metabolism by replacing hydrogen atoms with deuterium to invoke a kinetic isotope effect. Imatinib, a front-line therapy for both chronic myeloid leukemia and of gastrointestinal stromal tumours, is often substantially metabolised via N-demethylation to the significantly less active CGP74588. Since deuterium-carbon bonds are stronger more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(3)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(3)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
AID: 749515
Data Source: ChEMBL (962622)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2014-05-03
Modify Date: 2014-08-23

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Targets
Sequence: RecName: Full=Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1; AltName: Full=Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1; AltName: Full=Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 1; AltName: Full=Proto-oncogene c-Abl; AltName: Full=p150
Description ..   
Protein Family: Catalytic domain of the Protein Tyrosine Kinase, Abelson kinase
Comment ..   

Gene:ABL1     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..


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BioActive Compounds: 3
Description:
Title: The kinetic deuterium isotope effect as applied to metabolic deactivation of imatinib to the des-methyl metabolite, CGP74588.

Abstract: There has recently been a burgeoning interest in impeding drug metabolism by replacing hydrogen atoms with deuterium to invoke a kinetic isotope effect. Imatinib, a front-line therapy for both chronic myeloid leukemia and of gastrointestinal stromal tumours, is often substantially metabolised via N-demethylation to the significantly less active CGP74588. Since deuterium-carbon bonds are stronger than hydrogen-carbon bonds, we hypothesised that the N-trideuteromethyl analogue of imatinib might be subject to a reduced metabolic turnover as compared to imatinib and lead to different pharmacokinetic properties, and hence improved efficacy, in vivo. Consequently, we investigated whether the N-trideuteromethyl analogue would maintain target inhibition and show a reduced propensity for N-demethylation in in vitro assays with liver microsomes and following oral administration to rats. The N-trideuteromethyl compound exhibited similar activity as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor as imatinib and similar efficacy as an antiproliferative in cellular assays. In comparison to imatinib, the trideuterated analogue also showed reduced N-demethylation upon incubation with both rat and human liver microsomes, consistent with a deuterium isotope effect. However, the reduced in vitro metabolism did not translate into increased exposure of the N-trideuteromethyl analogue following intravenous administration of the compound to rats and no significant difference was observed for the formation of the N-desmethyl metabolite from either parent drug.
(PMID: 23611771)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format
Assay Test Type: In vitro
Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatnM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
Classification
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