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BioAssay: AID 749511

Inhibition of human BCR-ABL1 autophosphorylation expressed in mouse BA/F3 cells at < 3000 nM by ELISA

There has recently been a burgeoning interest in impeding drug metabolism by replacing hydrogen atoms with deuterium to invoke a kinetic isotope effect. Imatinib, a front-line therapy for both chronic myeloid leukemia and of gastrointestinal stromal tumours, is often substantially metabolised via N-demethylation to the significantly less active CGP74588. Since deuterium-carbon bonds are stronger more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(3)
 
 
Inactive(3)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(3)
 
 
Inactive(3)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
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AID: 749511
Data Source: ChEMBL (962618)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2014-05-03
Modify Date: 2014-08-23

Data Table ( Complete ):           View All Data
Targets
Sequence: RecName: Full=Tyrosine-protein kinase ABL1; AltName: Full=Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog 1; AltName: Full=Abelson tyrosine-protein kinase 1; AltName: Full=Proto-oncogene c-Abl; AltName: Full=p150
Description ..   
Protein Family: Catalytic domain of the Protein Tyrosine Kinase, Abelson kinase
Comment ..   

Gene:ABL1     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..


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Tested Compounds:
Description:
Title: The kinetic deuterium isotope effect as applied to metabolic deactivation of imatinib to the des-methyl metabolite, CGP74588.

Abstract: There has recently been a burgeoning interest in impeding drug metabolism by replacing hydrogen atoms with deuterium to invoke a kinetic isotope effect. Imatinib, a front-line therapy for both chronic myeloid leukemia and of gastrointestinal stromal tumours, is often substantially metabolised via N-demethylation to the significantly less active CGP74588. Since deuterium-carbon bonds are stronger than hydrogen-carbon bonds, we hypothesised that the N-trideuteromethyl analogue of imatinib might be subject to a reduced metabolic turnover as compared to imatinib and lead to different pharmacokinetic properties, and hence improved efficacy, in vivo. Consequently, we investigated whether the N-trideuteromethyl analogue would maintain target inhibition and show a reduced propensity for N-demethylation in in vitro assays with liver microsomes and following oral administration to rats. The N-trideuteromethyl compound exhibited similar activity as a tyrosine kinase inhibitor as imatinib and similar efficacy as an antiproliferative in cellular assays. In comparison to imatinib, the trideuterated analogue also showed reduced N-demethylation upon incubation with both rat and human liver microsomes, consistent with a deuterium isotope effect. However, the reduced in vitro metabolism did not translate into increased exposure of the N-trideuteromethyl analogue following intravenous administration of the compound to rats and no significant difference was observed for the formation of the N-desmethyl metabolite from either parent drug.
(PMID: 23611771)
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format
Assay Test Type: In vitro
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Inhibition activity commentInhibition activity commentString
2Inhibition standard flagInhibition standard flagInteger
3Inhibition qualifierInhibition qualifierString
4Inhibition published valueInhibition published valueFloat
5Inhibition standard valueInhibition standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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