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BioAssay: AID 727611

Binding affinity to LXRbeta (unknown origin)

We investigated the effect of cineole on the expression of genes related to reverse cholesterol transport and hepatic fatty acid metabolism. Cineole, a small aroma compound in teas and herbs, significantly stimulated the transactivation of liver X receptor modulator (LXR)-alpha and LXR-beta. The mRNA and protein expression of LXRs and their target genes, including ABCA1 and ABCG1, was more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 727611
Data Source: ChEMBL (940177)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
Deposit Date: 2013-11-07

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Oxysterols receptor LXR-beta; AltName: Full=Liver X receptor beta; AltName: Full=Nuclear receptor NER; AltName: Full=Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group H member 2; AltName: Full=Ubiquitously-expressed nuclear receptor
Description ..   
Protein Family: The ligand binding domain of Liver X receptors, a family of nuclear receptors of ligand-activated transcription factors
Comment ..   

Gene:NR1H2          More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Induction of ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression by the liver X receptor modulator cineole in macrophages.

Abstract: We investigated the effect of cineole on the expression of genes related to reverse cholesterol transport and hepatic fatty acid metabolism. Cineole, a small aroma compound in teas and herbs, significantly stimulated the transactivation of liver X receptor modulator (LXR)-alpha and LXR-beta. The mRNA and protein expression of LXRs and their target genes, including ABCA1 and ABCG1, was significantly increased in macrophages stimulated with cineole. This led to the subsequent removal of cholesterol from the cells. Interestingly, cineole showed tissue-selective LXR induction: hepatocytes stimulated with cineole showed significantly reduced expression of LXR-alpha and LXR-alpha-responsive genes, including FAS and SCD-1 (P <0.05). Accordingly, hepatocytes treated with cineole displayed reduced cellular lipid accumulation compared with control cells, as assessed by Oil Red O lipid staining and cholesterol quantification. These results suggest that cineole is a selective LXR modulator that regulates the expression of key genes in reverse cholesterol transport in macrophages without inducing lipogenesis in hepatocytes. This selective LXR modulator may have practical implications for the development of hypocholesterolemic or anti-atherosclerotic agents and also suggests.
(PMID: 23246324)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
ChEMBL Assay Type: Binding

ChEMBL Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

ChEMBL Target ID: 20113

ChEMBL Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1EC50*EC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
3SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6EC50 activity commentEC50 activity commentString
7EC50 standard flagEC50 standard flagInteger
8EC50 qualifierEC50 qualifierString
9EC50 published valueEC50 published valueFloatμM
10EC50 standard valueEC50 standard valueFloatnM
11EC50 binding domainsEC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Classification
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