Bookmark and Share
BioAssay: AID 725673

Inhibition of PAD4 (unknown origin)

Protein arginine deiminases (PADs) are involved in a number of cellular pathways, and they catalyze the transformation of peptidyl arginine residue into a citrulline as part of post-translational modifications. To understand ligand preferences, a group of probe molecules were investigated against PAD1, PAD2, and PAD4. These probe molecules carried a well-known covalent modifier of the catalytic more ..
_
   
 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
AID: 725673
Data Source: ChEMBL (938239)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2013-11-07
Modify Date: 2014-08-27

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Protein-arginine deiminase type-4; AltName: Full=HL-60 PAD; AltName: Full=Peptidylarginine deiminase IV; AltName: Full=Protein-arginine deiminase type IV
Description ..   
Protein Family: Protein-arginine deiminase (PAD)
Comment ..   

Gene:PADI4     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Interrogation of the Active Sites of Protein Arginine Deiminases (PAD1, -2, and -4) Using Designer Probes.

Abstract: Protein arginine deiminases (PADs) are involved in a number of cellular pathways, and they catalyze the transformation of peptidyl arginine residue into a citrulline as part of post-translational modifications. To understand ligand preferences, a group of probe molecules were investigated against PAD1, PAD2, and PAD4. These probe molecules carried a well-known covalent modifier of the catalytic cysteine residue, 2-chloroacetamidine moiety, which was tethered to an alpha-amino acid via a carbon linker. The chain length for the linker varied from 0 to 4. Time-dependent assays indicated that 2-chloroacetamidine (2CA) with no linker inhibited all PAD enzymes with a similar trend in the second-order rate constants, although with poor affinity. Among the other three probe molecules, compound 3 with a three-carbon linker exhibited the best second-order rate constants for optimal ligand reactivity with the binding site. These analyses provide insights into the relative patterns of covalent inactivation of PAD isozymes and the design of novel inhibitors targeting PAD enzymes as potential therapeutic targets.
(PMID: 24900657)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Result Definitions
Show more
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
PageFrom: