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BioAssay: AID 724444

Inhibition of human recombinant COX2

The observation that the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isozyme is over-expressed in multiple types of cancer, relative to that in adjacent non-cancerous tissue, prompted this investigation to prepare a group of hybrid fluorescent conjugates wherein the COX inhibitors ibuprofen, (S)-naproxen, acetyl salicylic acid, a chlororofecoxib analog and celecoxib were coupled via a linker group to an acridone, more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(15)
 
 
Active(15)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(15)
 
 
Active(15)
 
 
AID: 724444
Data Source: ChEMBL (937010)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2013-11-07
Modify Date: 2014-08-27

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-2; Short=COX-2; AltName: Full=PHS II; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Short=PGH synthase 2; Short=PGHS-2; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Animal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and related bacterial proteins
Comment ..   

Gene:PTGS2     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 15
Description:
Title: Hybrid fluorescent conjugates of COX-2 inhibitors: search for a COX-2 isozyme imaging cancer biomarker.

Abstract: The observation that the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isozyme is over-expressed in multiple types of cancer, relative to that in adjacent non-cancerous tissue, prompted this investigation to prepare a group of hybrid fluorescent conjugates wherein the COX inhibitors ibuprofen, (S)-naproxen, acetyl salicylic acid, a chlororofecoxib analog and celecoxib were coupled via a linker group to an acridone, dansyl or rhodamine B fluorophore. Within this group of compounds, the ibuprofen-acridone conjugate (10) showed potent and selective COX-2 inhibition (COX-2 IC(50)=0.67 muM; SI=110.6), but its fluorescence emission (lambda(em)=417, 440 nm) was not suitable for fluorescent imaging of cancer cells that over-express the COX-2 isozyme. In comparison, the celecoxib-dansyl conjugate (25) showed a slightly lower COX-2 potency and selectivity (COX-2 IC(50)=1.1 muM; SI>90) than the conjugate 10, and it possesses a better fluorescence emission (lambda(em)=500 nm). Ultimately, a celecoxib-rhodamine B conjugate (28) that exhibited moderate COX-2 potency and selectivity (COX-2 IC(50)=3.9 muM; SI>25) having the best fluorescence emission (lambda(em)=580 nm) emerged as the most promising biomarker for fluorescence imaging using a colon cancer cell line that over-expresses the COX-2 isozyme.
(PMID: 23200247)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Protein Target Class: enzyme reductase
Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
Classification
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