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BioAssay: AID 70544

Agonism at turkey erythrocyte P2Y receptor.

Study of P2-purinoceptor subtypes has been difficult due to the lack of potent and selective ligands. With the goal of developing high affinity P2-purinoceptor-selective agonist, we have synthesized a series of analogues of adenine nucleotides modified on the purine ring as chain-extended 2-thioethers or as N6-methyl-substituted compounds. Chemical functionality incorporated in the thioether more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(22)
 
 
Active(21)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(25)
 
 
Active(24)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 70544
Data Source: ChEMBL (67711)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-21
Modify Date: 2014-05-19

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
BioActive Compounds: 21
Description:
Title: Identification of potent, selective P2Y-purinoceptor agonists: structure-activity relationships for 2-thioether derivatives of adenosine 5'-triphosphate.

Abstract: Study of P2-purinoceptor subtypes has been difficult due to the lack of potent and selective ligands. With the goal of developing high affinity P2-purinoceptor-selective agonist, we have synthesized a series of analogues of adenine nucleotides modified on the purine ring as chain-extended 2-thioethers or as N6-methyl-substituted compounds. Chemical functionality incorporated in the thioether moiety included cyanoalkyl, nitroaromatic, amino, thiol, cycloalkyl, n-alkyl, and olefinic groups. Apparent affinity of the compounds for P2Y-purinoceptors was established by measurement of P2Y-purinoceptor-promoted phospholipase C activity in turkey erythrocyte membranes and relaxation of carbachol-contracted smooth muscle in three different preparations (guinea pig taenia coli, rabbit aorta, and rabbit mesenteric artery). Activity at P2X-purinoceptors was established by measurement of contraction of rabbit saphenous artery and of the guinea pig vas deferens and urinary bladder. All 11 of the 2-thioethers of ATP stimulated the production of inositol phosphates with K0.5 values of 1.5-770 nM, with an (aminophenyl)ethyl derivative being most potent. Two adenosine diphosphate analogues were equipotent to the corresponding ATP analogues. Adenosine monophosphate analogues were full agonists, although generally 4 orders of magnitude less potent. ATP 2-thioethers displayed pD2 values in the range of 6-8 in smooth muscle assay systems for activity at P2Y-receptors. There was a significant correlation for the 2-thioether compounds between the pK0.5 values for inositol phosphate production and the pD2 values for relaxation mediated via the P2Y-purinoceptors in the guinea pig taenia coli, but not for the vascular P2Y-receptors or for the P2X-receptors. At P2X-receptors, no activity was observed in the rabbit saphenous artery, but variable degrees of activity were observed in the guinea pig vas deferens and bladder depending on distal substituents of the thioether moiety. N6-Methyl-ATP was inactive at P2X-receptors, and approximately equipotent to ATP at taenia coil P2Y-receptors. This suggested that hybrid N6-methyl and 2-thioether ATP derivatives might be potent and selective for certain P2Y-receptors, as was shown for one such derivative, N6-methyl-2-(5-hexenylthio)-ATP.
(PMID: 8254622)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.
Putative Target:
ChEMBL Target ID: 22226
Target Type: UNCHECKED
Pref Name: Unchecked
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From ChEMBL:
Assay Type: Functional
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1K 0.5 activity commentK 0.5 activity commentString
2K 0.5 standard flagK 0.5 standard flagInteger
3K 0.5 qualifierK 0.5 qualifierString
4K 0.5 published valueK 0.5 published valueFloatnM
5K 0.5 standard valueK 0.5 standard valueFloatnM

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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