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BioAssay: AID 665488

Non-competitive inhibition of rat TrxR1

Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is critical for cellular redox regulation and is involved in tumor proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis. Its C-terminal redox-active center contains a cysteine (Cys497) and a unique selenocysteine (Sec498), which are exposed to solvent and easily accessible. Thus, it is becoming an important target for anticancer drugs. Selective inhibition of TrxR by more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
AID: 665488
Data Source: ChEMBL (822577)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2013-05-16
Modify Date: 2014-05-27

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Thioredoxin reductase 1, cytoplasmic; Short=TR; AltName: Full=NADPH-dependent thioredoxin reductase; AltName: Full=Thioredoxin reductase TR1
Description ..   
Protein Family: Pyridine nucleotide-disulphide oxidoreductase, dimerization domain
Comment ..   

Gene:TXNRD1     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Inhibition of thioredoxin reductase by a novel series of bis-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-ones: Organoselenium compounds for cancer therapy.

Abstract: Thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is critical for cellular redox regulation and is involved in tumor proliferation, apoptosis and metastasis. Its C-terminal redox-active center contains a cysteine (Cys497) and a unique selenocysteine (Sec498), which are exposed to solvent and easily accessible. Thus, it is becoming an important target for anticancer drugs. Selective inhibition of TrxR by 1,2-(bis-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one)ethane (4a) prevents proliferation of several cancer cell lines both in vivo and in vitro. Using the structure of 4a as a starting point, a series of novel bis-1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-ones was designed, prepared and tested to explore the structure-activity relationships (SARs) for this class of inhibitor and to improve their potency. Notably, 1,2-(5,5'-dimethoxybis(1,2-benzisoselenazol-3(2H)-one))ethane (12) was found to be more potent than 4a in both in vitro and in vivo evaluation. Its binding sites were confirmed by biotin-conjugated iodoacetamide assay and a SAR model was generated to guide further structural modification.
(PMID: 22579620)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
3IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
4IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
5IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
6IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
7IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Classification
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