Bookmark and Share
BioAssay: AID 664057

Inhibition of human COX2 expressed in baculovirus system

Saturation transfer difference NMR (STD-NMR) spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful screening tool and a straightforward way to study the binding epitopes of active compounds in early stage lead discovery in pharmaceutical research. Here we report the application of STD-NMR to characterize the binding of the anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen, diclofenac, and ketorolac to COX-1 and COX-2. Using more ..
_
   
 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
AID: 664057
Data Source: ChEMBL (821146)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2013-05-16
Modify Date: 2014-05-26

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-2; Short=COX-2; AltName: Full=PHS II; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Short=PGH synthase 2; Short=PGHS-2; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Animal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and related bacterial proteins
Comment ..   

Gene:PTGS2     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Binding of ibuprofen, ketorolac, and diclofenac to COX-1 and COX-2 studied by saturation transfer difference NMR.

Abstract: Saturation transfer difference NMR (STD-NMR) spectroscopy has emerged as a powerful screening tool and a straightforward way to study the binding epitopes of active compounds in early stage lead discovery in pharmaceutical research. Here we report the application of STD-NMR to characterize the binding of the anti-inflammatory drugs ibuprofen, diclofenac, and ketorolac to COX-1 and COX-2. Using well-studied COX inhibitors and by comparing STD signals with crystallographic structures, we show that there is a relation between the orientations of ibuprofen and diclofenac in the COX-2 active site and the relative STD responses detected in the NMR experiments. On the basis of this analysis, we propose that ketorolac should bind to the COX-2 active site in an orientation similar to that of diclofenac. We also show that the combination of STD-NMR with competition experiments constitutes a valuable tool to address the recently proposed behavior of COX-2 as functional heterodimers and complements enzyme activity studies in the effort to rationalize COX inhibition mechanisms.
(PMID: 22091869)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Protein Target Class: enzyme reductase

Result Definitions
Show more
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Classification
PageFrom: