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BioAssay: AID 657488

Inhibition of desert banana tyrosinase using p-cresol as substrate

A newly series of 6-(phenylurenyl/thiourenyl) saccharin (6a-y) derivatives were synthesized and their inhibitory effects on the diphenolase activity of banana tyrosinase were evaluated. A 70-fold purification of the enzyme with 6.85% yield was achieved by using a Sepharose 4B-l-tyrosine-p-amino benzoic acid affinity column. The result showed that all the synthesized compounds inhibited the more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(4)
 
 
Unspecified(4)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(4)
 
 
Unspecified(4)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 657488
Data Source: ChEMBL (814560)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2013-05-16
Modify Date: 2013-07-15

Data Table ( Complete ):           All
Tested Compounds:
Description:
Title: New saccharin derivatives as tyrosinase inhibitors.

Abstract: A newly series of 6-(phenylurenyl/thiourenyl) saccharin (6a-y) derivatives were synthesized and their inhibitory effects on the diphenolase activity of banana tyrosinase were evaluated. A 70-fold purification of the enzyme with 6.85% yield was achieved by using a Sepharose 4B-l-tyrosine-p-amino benzoic acid affinity column. The result showed that all the synthesized compounds inhibited the tyrosinase enzyme activity. Among the compounds synthesized, 6-(3-iodophenylthiourenyl) saccharin (6s) was found to be most active one (K(i)=3.95 muM) and the inhibition kinetics analyzed by Lineweaver-Burk double reciprocal plots revealed that compound 6s was a competitive inhibitor. Structure-activity relationships study showed that generally, most of the 6-(phenylthiourenyl) saccharin derivatives (6m-y) exhibited higher inhibitory activity than 6-(phenylurenyl) saccharin derivatives (6a-l). An electron-withdrawing group at 3-position of phenylurenyl-ring increased in activity and the halogen series at 3-position of phenylthiourenyl-ring showed a qualitative relationship for higher inhibitory activity with increasing size and polarizability. We also calculated HOMO-LUMO energy levels and dipole moments of some selected the synthesized compounds (6a, 6h, 6m and 6s) using Gaussian software.
(PMID: 22494841)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 22226
Target Type: UNCHECKED
Pref Name: Unchecked
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment
ChEMBL Assay Type: Binding

ChEMBL Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
3IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
4IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
5IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
6IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
7IC50 data validityIC50 data validityString
8Ki activity commentKi activity commentString
9Ki standard flagKi standard flagInteger
10Ki qualifierKi qualifierString
11Ki published valueKi published valueFloatμM
12Ki standard valueKi standard valueFloatnM
13Ki data validityKi data validityString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
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