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BioAssay: AID 648037

Inhibition of COX-2-mediated 6-keto-PGF1alpha production in IL-1beta-induced HUVEC preincubated for 20 mins prior A23187 stimulation measured after 15 mins by RIA

Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key rate-limiting enzyme for prostaglandin (PG) production cascades in the human body. The mechanisms of both the anti-inflammation effects and the side-effects of traditional COX inhibitors are associated with the existence of two COX isoforms. Thus while COX-1 is predominantly expressed ubiquitously and constitutively, and it serves a housekeeping role in processes more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(13)
 
 
Active(13)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(13)
 
 
Active(13)
 
 
AID: 648037
Data Source: ChEMBL (805485)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-08-24

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-2; Short=COX-2; AltName: Full=PHS II; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Short=PGH synthase 2; Short=PGHS-2; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Animal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and related bacterial proteins
Comment ..   

Gene:PTGS2     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 13
Description:
Title: Novel acid-type cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors: Design, synthesis, and structure-activity relationship for anti-inflammatory drug.

Abstract: Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key rate-limiting enzyme for prostaglandin (PG) production cascades in the human body. The mechanisms of both the anti-inflammation effects and the side-effects of traditional COX inhibitors are associated with the existence of two COX isoforms. Thus while COX-1 is predominantly expressed ubiquitously and constitutively, and it serves a housekeeping role in processes such as gastrointestinal (GI) mucosa protection, COX-2 is absent or exhibits a low level of expression in most tissues, and is highly upregulated in response to endotoxin, virus, inflammatory or tissue-injury stimuli/signals, and tumour promoter in the various types of organs, tissues, and cells. Furthermore, COX-2 contribution to PGE(2) and PGI(2) production evokes and sustains systemic or peripheral inflammatory disease, but it is not involved in the COX-1-mediated GI tract events. Also, hypersensitivity of aspirin owing to its inhibitory action against COX-1 is a significant concern clinically. Consequently, highly selective COX-2 inhibitors have been needed for the treatment of inflammatory- and inflammation related-diseases that include pyrexia, inflammation, pain, rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and cancers. In this study, a series of novel [2-{[(4-substituted or 4,5-disubstituted)-pyridin-2-yl]carbonyl}-(5- or 6-substituted or 5,6-disubstituted)-1H-indol-3-yl]acetic acid analogues was designed, synthesized, and evaluated to identify potent and selective COX-2 inhibitors as potential agents against inflammatory diseases. As significant findings, the present study clarified unique structure-activity relationship of the analogues toward potent and selective COX-2 inhibition in#vitro, and identified 2-{6-fluoro-2-[4-methyl-2-pridinyl)carbonyl]-1H-indol-3-yl}acetic acid as a potent and selective COX-2 inhibitor in#vitro that demonstrated orally potent anti-inflammation efficacy against carrageenan-induced oedema formation in the foot of SPF/VAF male SD rats as a peripheral inflammation model in#vivo.
(PMID: 22373734)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Protein Target Class: enzyme reductase
Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
Classification
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