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BioAssay: AID 646013

Ratio of IC50 for human K562 cells to IC50 for human MOLT4 cells

The parent phenol of adapalene and its (E)-cinnamic acid analogue were found to induce cancer cell apoptosis but cause adverse systemic effects when administered to mice. In contrast, their respective 5-Cl- and 3-Cl-substituted analogues had their adverse effects mitigated without a comparable loss of cancer cell inhibitory activity. As a result, pharmacologic space in this region of the cinnamic more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(2)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(2)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 646013
Data Source: ChEMBL (803461)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-05-25

Data Table ( Complete ):           All
Tested Compounds:
Description:
Title: Analogues of orphan nuclear receptor small heterodimer partner ligand and apoptosis inducer (E)-4-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-3-chlorocinnamic acid. 2. Impact of 3-chloro group replacement on inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis of leukemia and cancer cell lines.

Abstract: The parent phenol of adapalene and its (E)-cinnamic acid analogue were found to induce cancer cell apoptosis but cause adverse systemic effects when administered to mice. In contrast, their respective 5-Cl- and 3-Cl-substituted analogues had their adverse effects mitigated without a comparable loss of cancer cell inhibitory activity. As a result, pharmacologic space in this region of the cinnamic phenyl ring scaffold was explored. Various substituents were introduced, and their effects on cancer cell proliferation and viability were evaluated. Cinnamic acids having 3-Br, CN, NO(2), NH(2), OMe, and N(3) groups had activity comparable to that of 4-[3'-(1-adamantyl)-4'-hydroxyphenyl]-3-chlorocinnamic acid. A comparative molecular field analysis study indicated that introduction of an H-bond acceptor at position 3 of the central phenyl ring would favor inhibition of leukemia cell viability, and docking suggested its hydrogen bonding with a polar group in a small heterodimer partner homology model. The 3-CN, NO(2), NH(2), and OH analogues also inhibited MMTV-Wnt1 murine mammary stem cell viability.
(PMID: 22136251)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 22226
Target Type: UNCHECKED
Pref Name: Unchecked
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Functional

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format

Assay Cell Type: K562

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Ratio IC50 activity commentRatio IC50 activity commentString
2Ratio IC50 standard flagRatio IC50 standard flagInteger
3Ratio IC50 qualifierRatio IC50 qualifierString
4Ratio IC50 published valueRatio IC50 published valueFloat
5Ratio IC50 standard valueRatio IC50 standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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