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BioAssay: AID 646003

Antiproliferative activity against human K562 cells assessed as cell viability after 72 hrs by luciferase assay

The parent phenol of adapalene and its (E)-cinnamic acid analogue were found to induce cancer cell apoptosis but cause adverse systemic effects when administered to mice. In contrast, their respective 5-Cl- and 3-Cl-substituted analogues had their adverse effects mitigated without a comparable loss of cancer cell inhibitory activity. As a result, pharmacologic space in this region of the cinnamic more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(14)
 
 
Active(10)
 
 
Unspecified(4)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(14)
 
 
Active(10)
 
 
Unspecified(4)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 646003
Data Source: ChEMBL (803451)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-05-25

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
BioActive Compounds: 10
Description:
Title: Analogues of orphan nuclear receptor small heterodimer partner ligand and apoptosis inducer (E)-4-[3-(1-adamantyl)-4-hydroxyphenyl]-3-chlorocinnamic acid. 2. Impact of 3-chloro group replacement on inhibition of proliferation and induction of apoptosis of leukemia and cancer cell lines.

Abstract: The parent phenol of adapalene and its (E)-cinnamic acid analogue were found to induce cancer cell apoptosis but cause adverse systemic effects when administered to mice. In contrast, their respective 5-Cl- and 3-Cl-substituted analogues had their adverse effects mitigated without a comparable loss of cancer cell inhibitory activity. As a result, pharmacologic space in this region of the cinnamic phenyl ring scaffold was explored. Various substituents were introduced, and their effects on cancer cell proliferation and viability were evaluated. Cinnamic acids having 3-Br, CN, NO(2), NH(2), OMe, and N(3) groups had activity comparable to that of 4-[3'-(1-adamantyl)-4'-hydroxyphenyl]-3-chlorocinnamic acid. A comparative molecular field analysis study indicated that introduction of an H-bond acceptor at position 3 of the central phenyl ring would favor inhibition of leukemia cell viability, and docking suggested its hydrogen bonding with a polar group in a small heterodimer partner homology model. The 3-CN, NO(2), NH(2), and OH analogues also inhibited MMTV-Wnt1 murine mammary stem cell viability.
(PMID: 22136251)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 80186
Target Type: CELL-LINE
Cell Line: K562
Tissue: Erythroleukemia cells
Pref Name: K562
Organism: Homo sapiens
Tax ID: 9606
Confidence: Target assigned is non-molecular
Relationship Type: Non-molecular target assigned
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Functional

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format

Assay Cell Type: K562

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
3IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
4IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
5IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
6IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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