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BioAssay: AID 627967

Inhibition of Taq polymerase using poly(dA)/oligo(dT)18 (A/T = 2/1) and dTTP as the DNA template-primer and nucleotide substrate at 74 degree C after 60 mins

We previously found that vitamin K(3) (menadione, 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) inhibits the activity of human mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (pol gamma). In this study, we focused on juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone), which is a 1,4-naphthoquinone derivative, and chemically synthesized novel juglones conjugated with C2:0 to C22:6 fatty acid (5-O-acyl juglones). The chemically modified more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(2)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(2)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 627967
Data Source: ChEMBL (785415)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-08-22

Data Table ( Complete ):           View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=DNA polymerase I, thermostable; AltName: Full=Taq polymerase 1
Description ..   
Protein Family: Polymerase I functions primarily to fill DNA gaps that arise during DNA repair, recombination and replication
Comment ..   

Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
Tested Compounds:
Description:
Title: Inhibitory effect of novel 5-O-acyl juglones on mammalian DNA polymerase activity, cancer cell growth and inflammatory response.

Abstract: We previously found that vitamin K(3) (menadione, 2-methyl-1,4-naphthoquinone) inhibits the activity of human mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (pol gamma). In this study, we focused on juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone), which is a 1,4-naphthoquinone derivative, and chemically synthesized novel juglones conjugated with C2:0 to C22:6 fatty acid (5-O-acyl juglones). The chemically modified juglones enhanced mammalian pol inhibition and their cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory activities. The juglone conjugated with oleic acid (C18:1-acyl juglone) showed the strongest inhibition of DNA replicative pol alpha activity and human colon carcinoma (HCT116) cell growth in 10 synthesized 5-O-acyl juglones. C12:0-Acyl juglone was the strongest inhibitor of DNA repair-related pol lambda, as well as the strongest suppression of the production of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha production induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the compounds tested. Moreover, this compound caused the greatest reduction in 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced acute inflammation in mouse ears. C12:0- and C18:1-Acyl juglones selectively inhibited the activities of mammalian pol species, but did not influence the activities of other pols and DNA metabolic enzymes tested. These data indicate that the novel 5-O-acyl juglones target anti-cancer and/or anti-inflammatory agents based on mammalian pol inhibition. Moreover, the results suggest that acylation of juglone is an effective chemical modification to improve the anti-cancer and anti-inflammation of vitamin K(3) derivatives, such as juglone.
(PMID: 21903399)
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
3IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
4IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
5IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
6IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View All Data
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