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BioAssay: AID 627444

Potentiation of doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity against human HL60 cells assessed as reduction in cell viability at 1 uM after 24 hrs by MTT assay relative to control

Protein arginine deiminase (PAD) activity is upregulated in a number of human diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and cancer. These enzymes, there are five in humans (PADs 1-4 and 6), regulate gene transcription, cellular differentiation, and the innate immune response. Building on our successful generation of F- and Cl-amidine, which irreversibly inhibit all of the more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
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Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
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 Related BioAssays
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AID: 627444
Data Source: ChEMBL (776950)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-05-26

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Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: The development of N-alpha-(2-carboxyl)benzoyl-N(5)-(2-fluoro-1-iminoethyl)-l-ornithine amide (o-F-amidine) and N-alpha-(2-carboxyl)benzoyl-N(5)-(2-chloro-1-iminoethyl)-l-ornithine amide (o-Cl-amidine) as second generation protein arginine deiminase (PAD) inhibitors.

Abstract: Protein arginine deiminase (PAD) activity is upregulated in a number of human diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and cancer. These enzymes, there are five in humans (PADs 1-4 and 6), regulate gene transcription, cellular differentiation, and the innate immune response. Building on our successful generation of F- and Cl-amidine, which irreversibly inhibit all of the PADs, a structure-activity relationship was performed to develop second generation compounds with improved potency and selectivity. Incorporation of a carboxylate ortho to the backbone amide resulted in the identification of N-alpha-(2-carboxyl)benzoyl-N(5)-(2-fluoro-1-iminoethyl)-l-ornithine amide (o-F-amidine) and N-alpha-(2-carboxyl)benzoyl-N(5)-(2-chloro-1-iminoethyl)-l-ornithine amide (o-Cl-amidine), as PAD inactivators with improved potency (up to 65-fold) and selectivity (up to 25-fold). Relative to F- and Cl-amidine, the compounds also show enhanced potency in cellulo. As such, these compounds will be versatile chemical probes of PAD function.
(PMID: 21882827)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 80156
Target Type: CELL-LINE
Cell Line: HL-60
Tissue: Promyeloblast leukemia cells
Pref Name: HL-60
Organism: Homo sapiens
Tax ID: 9606
Confidence: Target assigned is non-molecular
Relationship Type: Non-molecular target assigned
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From ChEMBL:
Assay Type: Functional
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format
Assay Cell Type: HL-60
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1FC activity commentFC activity commentString
2FC standard flagFC standard flagInteger
3FC qualifierFC qualifierString
4FC published valueFC published valueFloat
5FC standard valueFC standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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