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BioAssay: AID 624664

Mechanism based inhibition of bovine cytochrome P450 CYP11A1

The inhibition of human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) is one of the most common mechanisms which can lead to drug-drug interactions. The inhibition of CYPs can be reversible (competitive or non-competitive) or irreversible. Irreversible inhibition usually derives from activation of a drug by CYPs into a reactive metabolite, which tightly binds to the enzyme active site, leading to a long lasting more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(2)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 624664
Data Source: ChEMBL (774142)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-08-23

Data Table ( Complete ):           View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Cholesterol side-chain cleavage enzyme, mitochondrial; AltName: Full=CYPXIA1; AltName: Full=Cholesterol desmolase; AltName: Full=Cytochrome P450 11A1; AltName: Full=Cytochrome P450(scc); Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Cytochrome P450
Comment ..   

Gene:CYP11A1     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: Cytochrome p450 enzymes mechanism based inhibitors: common sub-structures and reactivity.

Abstract: The inhibition of human cytochrome P450s (CYPs) is one of the most common mechanisms which can lead to drug-drug interactions. The inhibition of CYPs can be reversible (competitive or non-competitive) or irreversible. Irreversible inhibition usually derives from activation of a drug by CYPs into a reactive metabolite, which tightly binds to the enzyme active site, leading to a long lasting inactivation. This process is called "mechanism based inhibition" or "suicide inhibition". The irreversible inactivation usually implies the formation of a covalent bond between the metabolite and the enzyme, which can lead to hapten formation and can in some cases trigger an autoimmune-response. For these reasons it is of utmost importance to study the mechanism of the CYP inhibition of new potential drugs as early as possible during the drug discovery process. The literature on CYPs is vast and covers numerous aspects of their biology and biochemistry, however to our knowledge there is no general and systematic review focusing on mechanism-based inhibitors; we have reviewed the literature and compiled all the available data on chemical entities, which are known to be CYP suicide inhibitors. Each compound is reported together with its chemical structure, the CYP isoform and the parameters describing the inactivation. Literature references are reported together with their PMID (PubMed ID number) to allow a fast retrieval of the papers. This review offers a quick reference to help predict liabilities of new chemical entities without carrying out extensive in vitro work, and will hopefully help in designing safer drugs.
(PMID: 16248836)
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: ADME
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Assay Test Type: In vitro
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1mechanism based inhibition activity commentmechanism based inhibition activity commentString
2mechanism based inhibition standard flagmechanism based inhibition standard flagInteger
3mechanism based inhibition qualifiermechanism based inhibition qualifierString
4mechanism based inhibition published valuemechanism based inhibition published valueFloat
5mechanism based inhibition standard valuemechanism based inhibition standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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