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BioAssay: AID 624661

Inhibition of mycophenolic acid (0.5 mM) glucuronidation by human kidney microsomes

UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes catalyze the conjugation of various endogenous substances (e.g., bilirubin) and exogenous compounds (e.g., drugs). The human UGT superfamily is comprised of 2 families (UGT1 and UGT2) and 3 subfamilies (UGT1A, UGT2A, and UGT2B). Many of the individual UGT enzymes are expressed not only in liver but also in extrahepatic tissues, where the extent of more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(4)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(4)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 624661
Data Source: ChEMBL (774139)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-09-09
Modify Date: 2014-05-26

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
BioActive Compounds: 3
Description:
Title: UDP-glucuronosyltransferases and clinical drug-drug interactions.

Abstract: UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) enzymes catalyze the conjugation of various endogenous substances (e.g., bilirubin) and exogenous compounds (e.g., drugs). The human UGT superfamily is comprised of 2 families (UGT1 and UGT2) and 3 subfamilies (UGT1A, UGT2A, and UGT2B). Many of the individual UGT enzymes are expressed not only in liver but also in extrahepatic tissues, where the extent of glucuronidation can be substantial. Several others (e.g., UGT1A7, UGT1A8, and UGT1A10) are expressed only in extrahepatic tissues. The molecular regulation of UGT enzyme is still not fully understood, but various transcription factors appear to play a regulatory role. The expression of individual UGT enzymes is subject to genetic polymorphism and these enzymes can be inhibited or induced by xenobiotics. Experimental evidence in humans indicates that the glucuronidation of acetaminophen, codeine, zidovudine, carbamazepine, lorazepam, and propafenone can influenced by specific interacting drugs. In contrast, the glucuronidation of diflunisal, morphine, naproxen, and temazepam is not affected appreciably by the drugs investigated to date. In general, UGT-mediated human drug interaction studies are difficult to interpret. The factors that complicate the interpretation of this type of drug interaction data are discussed.
(PMID: 15781124)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 22226
Target Type: UNCHECKED
Pref Name: Unchecked
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

Assay Test Type: In vitro

BAO: Assay Format: subcellular format

Assay Tissue: kidney

Assay Subcellular Fraction: microsomes

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
3IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
4IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
5IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
6IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
7IC50 data validityIC50 data validityString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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