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BioAssay: AID 621326

Agonist activity at PPARalpha in human HepG2 cells assessed as up-regulation of acyl-CoA synthetase mRNA expression at 5 to 80 uM by quantitative PCR analysis

In this study, we confirmed that ursolic acid, a plant triterpenoid, activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha in vitro. Surface plasmon resonance and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer analyses do not show direct binding of ursolic acid to the ligand-binding domain of PPAR-alpha; however, ursolic acid enhances the binding of PPAR-alpha to the peroxisome more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
AID: 621326
Data Source: ChEMBL (771337)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-04-30
Modify Date: 2014-05-26

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha; Short=PPAR-alpha; AltName: Full=Nuclear receptor subfamily 1 group C member 1
Description ..   
Protein Family: The ligand binding domain of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors
Comment ..   

Gene:PPARA     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Ursolic acid is a PPAR-alpha agonist that regulates hepatic lipid metabolism.

Abstract: In this study, we confirmed that ursolic acid, a plant triterpenoid, activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-alpha in vitro. Surface plasmon resonance and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer analyses do not show direct binding of ursolic acid to the ligand-binding domain of PPAR-alpha; however, ursolic acid enhances the binding of PPAR-alpha to the peroxisome proliferator response element in PPAR-alpha-responsive genes, alters the expression of key genes in lipid metabolism, significantly reducing intracellular triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations in hepatocytes. Thus, ursolic acid is a PPAR-alpha agonist that regulates the expression of lipid metabolism genes, but it is not a direct ligand of PPAR-alpha.
(PMID: 21855333)
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Functional

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format

Assay Cell Type: HepG2

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
Classification
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