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BioAssay: AID 603429

Inhibition of human recombinant COX2 by enzyme immuno assay

A novel hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory (AI) ester prodrug (NONO-coxib 14) wherein an O(2)-acetoxymethyl 1-(2-carboxypyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (O(2)-acetoxymethyl PROLI/NO) NO-donor moiety was covalently coupled to the CH(2)OH group of 3-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)-4-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)-5H-furan-2-one (12), was synthesized. The prodrug 14 released a low amount of more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(5)
 
 
Active(5)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(5)
 
 
Active(5)
 
 
AID: 603429
Data Source: ChEMBL (753439)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2012-04-30
Modify Date: 2014-05-25

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-2; Short=COX-2; AltName: Full=PHS II; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Short=PGH synthase 2; Short=PGHS-2; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Animal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and related bacterial proteins
Comment ..   

Gene:PTGS2     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 5
Description:
Title: A diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolated nitric oxide donor ester prodrug of 3-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)-4-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-5H-furan-2-one: synthesis, biological evaluation and nitric oxide release studies.

Abstract: A novel hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory (AI) ester prodrug (NONO-coxib 14) wherein an O(2)-acetoxymethyl 1-(2-carboxypyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (O(2)-acetoxymethyl PROLI/NO) NO-donor moiety was covalently coupled to the CH(2)OH group of 3-(4-hydroxymethylphenyl)-4-(4-methylsulfonylphenyl)-5H-furan-2-one (12), was synthesized. The prodrug 14 released a low amount of NO (4.2%) upon incubation with phosphate buffer (PBS) at pH 7.4 which was significantly higher (34.8% of the theoretical maximal release of two molecules of NO/molecule of the parent hybrid ester prodrug) upon incubation in the presence of rat serum. These incubation studies suggest that both NO and the parent compound 12 would be released from the prodrug 14 upon in vivo cleavage by non-specific serum esterases. The prodrug ester 14 is a selective COX-2 inhibitor that exhibited AI activity (ED(50)=72.2mmol/kg po) between that of the reference drugs celecoxib (ED(50)=30.9mumol/kg po) and ibuprofen (ED(50)=327mumol/kg po). The NO donor compound 14 exhibited enhanced inhibition of phenylephrine-induced vasoconstriction of isolated mesenteric arteries compared with that observed under control conditions. These studies indicate hybrid ester AI/NO donor prodrugs (NONO-coxibs) constitutes a plausible drug design concept targeted toward the development of selective COX-2 inhibitory AI drugs that are devoid of adverse cardiovascular effects.
(PMID: 21641217)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Protein Target Class: enzyme reductase

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Classification
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