Bookmark and Share
BioAssay: AID 588556

SAR analysis of cytotoxicity in CHO-CHOP cells after 24 hours of exposure to small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein Response

Tremendous advances in our understanding of pathologic mechanisms have recently revealed that defective protein processing within the secretory pathway is an integral component of many genetic and environmental diseases. Diverse disease states ranging from diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease, to hemophilia and lysosomal storage diseases have all been characterized by folding more ..
_
   
 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(30)
 
 
Active(17)
 
 
Inactive(13)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(30)
 
 
Active(17)
 
 
Inactive(13)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 588556
Data Source: Burnham Center for Chemical Genomics (SBCCG-A721-UPR-CHOP-DryPowder-24H-Cytotox-Assay)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: NIH Molecular Libraries Probe Production Network
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2011-10-19
Hold-until Date: 2012-10-01
Modify Date: 2012-10-01

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
BioActive Compounds: 17
Related Experiments
Show more
AIDNameTypeProbeComment
449763uHTS identification of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assayScreening depositor-specified cross reference
449771Summary assay for the identification of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein responseSummary2 depositor-specified cross reference
463112Single concentration confirmation of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assayScreening same project related to Summary assay
489024Dose response confirmation of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assayConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
489040Dose response counterscreen of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein Response via a luminescent-based reporter assayConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
540305SAR analysis counterscreen of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein Response via a luminescent-based reporter assayConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
540312SAR analysis of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assayConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
588557SAR analysis of cytotoxicity in the CHO-CHOP cells after 6 hours of exposure to small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein responseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
588558SAR analysis of cytotoxicity in CHO-XBP1 cells after 24 hours of exposure to small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein responseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
588570SAR analysis of cytotoxicity in CHO-XBP1 cells following 6 hours of exposure to small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein responseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
588582SAR analysis counterscreen of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein Response via a luminescent-based reporter assay - Set 2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
588594SAR analysis of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assay - Set 2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
602416SAR analysis counterscreen of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein Response via a luminescent-based reporter assay - Set 3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
602434SAR analysis of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assay - Set 3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
Description:
Data Source: Sanford-Burnham Center for Chemical Genomics (SBCCG)
Source Affiliation: Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (SBMRI, San Diego)
Network: NIH Molecular Libraries Production Centers Network (MLPCN)
Grant Number: 1 R03 MH089782-01
Assay Provider: Dr. Randal J Kaufman, Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute (SBMRI, San Diego)

Tremendous advances in our understanding of pathologic mechanisms have recently revealed that defective protein processing within the secretory pathway is an integral component of many genetic and environmental diseases. Diverse disease states ranging from diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, and Parkinson's disease, to hemophilia and lysosomal storage diseases have all been characterized by folding defects or impaired transport from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Very recently it has come to light that deregulation of protein synthesis may be a key component in the pathogenesis of cancer and metastasis. When misfolded protein accumulates in the ER lumen, the cell activates the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) to clear the malfolded proteins and restore homeostatic protein processing. When a stress is prolonged or robust the UPR employs a genetic pathway that results in cell death. The proposed studies are to focus attention to identify and characterize drug-like small molecule activators of the apoptotic pathway
We will investigate the hypotheses that specific and robust activation of the PERK-eIF2a-CHOP (apoptotic) arm will exacerbate the UPR and lead to cell death in malignant cells with hyper-active secretory machinery. This aim is predicated on the hypothesis that the adaptive arm of the UPR can be pharmacologically overwhelmed and lead to a productive CHOP-mediated apoptotic response in human cancer cells.

For the primary screen, a cell-based assay was utilized using a cell line stably transfected to report on the PERK-elF2a-CHOP pathway via a luciferase-based reporter system. Activation of the CHOP-mediated apoptotic response leads to the activation of luciferase expression which can be quantified via luminescence.

The goal of this assay is to test the cytotoxicity after 24 hours of exposure to SAR compounds derived from hits from "uHTS identification of small molecule activators of the apoptotic arm of the Unfolded Protein response via a luminescent-based reporter assay", AID 449763. Compounds are either acquired from commercial sources or synthesized internally.
Protocol
Protocol:
A. Brief Description of the Assay:
The purpose of this assay is to test the dose dependent cytotoxic response after 24 hours of exposure to activators of the PERK-eIF2a-CHOP (apoptotic) arm of the Unfolded Protein Response pathway in the UPR CHO-CHOP cell line
B. Materials:
CHO-CHOP Cell Line
F12 nutrient mix HAMs (Invitrogen, Cat# 11765047)
Fetal Bovine Serum, heat-inactivated (Hyclone, Cat# SH30396)
Penicillin/Streptomycin, liquid (Invitrogen, Cat# 15140122)
L-glutamine (100X ) (Invitrogen, Cat# 25030081)
MEM Non-Essential Amino Acids Solution 10 mM (100X) (Invitrogen, Cat# 11140050)
Trypsin-EDTA 0.25% (Invitrogen, Cat# 25200-056)
DPBS (Hyclone, Cat# 30028.02)
T225 TC Flask (Nunc, Cat# 159934)
Cell strainer, 40 um (BD, Cat# 352340)
Aurora 1536 well white solid bottom TC plate (Aurora Biotechnology #00029846)
Tunicamycin (Sigma-Aldrich, Cat# T7765)
ATP Lite 1-Step (PerkinElmer, Cat# 6016739)
C. Plate Map:
Positive control (P) in columns 1 and 2, 10ug/mL Tunicamycin
Negative control (N) in columns 3 and 4, No Tunicamycin
Test compounds (T) in dose response in columns 5 - 48, No Tunicamycin
D. Procedures:
Day1 - Cell Seeding
1. Prepare cell suspensions as described in section F. Cell culture.
2. Set up Kalypsys dispenser as described in section G. Kalypsys dispenser setting.
3. Plate 500 cells/well in 5 uL of assay media into columns 1-48 of a 1536-well assay plate, using straight tip dispense on a Kalypsys dispenser.
4. Centrifuge plates at 500 rpm for 1 minute on Eppendorf centrifuge 5810. Use Kalypsys metal lids.
5. Incubate overnight at 37 degrees, 100% relative humidity, 5% CO2 for 16-18 hours.
Day2 - Compound Addition
6. Using LabCyte Echo, transfer varying volumes of test compounds in DMSO to achieve appropriate dose concentrations and range, and backfill with DMSO to equilibrate DMSO concentrations in all wells (Col. 5 - 48). Add equal volume of DMSO to negative control wells (Col. 3 - 4) and tunicamycin in DMSO to positive control wells (Col. 1 - 2) to achieve a final assay concentration of tunicamycin of 10 ug/mL. Final DMSO concentration should not exceed 1%.
7. Centrifuge plates at 1000 rpm for 1 minute on a Vspin centrifuge.
8. Incubate plates in incubator (37 degrees, 100% relative humidity, 5% CO2) for 24 hours.
9. Set up Kalypsys dispenser and Perkin Elmer Envision as described in section G. Kalypsys dispenser setting and H. Envision setting.
10. Following 24 hours incubation, remove lid and incubate plate for 10 min in at room temp.
11. Add 3 uL of ATPLite 1 Step, prepared according to the manufacturer's recommendation, to each wells (Columns 1 - 48) using a Kalypsys dispenser.
12. Centrifuge plates at 2000 rpm for 2 minutes on a Vspin centrifuge.
13. Lid plate and incubate for 10 min at room temp.
14. Read plates using Envision using a luminescence protocol.
E. Recipe:
Growth Media
F12 nutrient mix HAMs supplemented with 10% hi-FBS, 1X Penicillin/Streptomycin, 1X L-glutamine, and 1X MEM-NEAA
Assay Media
Filtered Growth Media
Trypsin
Dilute 0.25% Trypsin/EDTA to 0.05% Trypsin/EDTA using DPBS
Positive Control
Tunicamycin at 10 ug/mL final.
(Note: Tunicamycin is reconstituted in DMSO to a concentration of 10mg/ml).
F. Cell Culture:
Prepare Growth Media/Assay Media as described in section E. Recipe.
Procedure to expand and maintain cells:
CHO-CHOP cells are seeded into T225 flasks at 3.75 x 105 cells. Cells are passaged twice a week (Monday or Tuesday, and Thursday or Friday depending on cell growth). Confluency should be maintained at <75%. After 3 days incubation, ~2.5X107 cells are expected per T225 flask. Incubate cells in 5% CO2.
1. Put media in water bath and leave for 30 minutes. Also leave Trypsin at room temp for 15 minutes. Keep DPBS at room temp (no need to warm up DPBS at 37 degrees).
2. Aspirate off old media from T225 flask.
3. Wash the flasks with 20 mL DPBS per T225 flask. Leave cells in DPBS for about 30 seconds.
4. Add 6.5 mL 0.05% Trypsin solution into the flask. Rock the flask gently so that the solution covers all over the surface.
5. Allow the cells to detach by incubating at room temperature for about 4 minutes.
6. Wash the flask with 25 mL fresh growth media.
7. Collect the cell suspension in a 50 mL sterile conical tube.
8. Centrifuge at 900 rpm for 5 minutes. Once pelleted, remove the supernatant and resuspend the cell pellet carefully in 1 mL fresh growth media with p1000 pipette.
9. Add 19 mL of growth media and mix gently.
10. Filter the cell suspension with cell strainer.
11. Count the cells and prepare stock flasks with
3.00 x 105 cells per T225 flask for 4 days incubation.
3.75 x 105 cells per T225 flask for 3 days incubation.
Procedure to prepare cells for the assay:
Follow steps 1 - 3 above
4. Add 5 mL Trypsin into the flask. Rock the flask gently so that the solution covers all over the surface.
5. Allow the cells to detach by incubating at room temperature for about 4 minutes.
6. Wash the flask with 25 mL fresh growth media.
7. Collect the cell suspension in a 50 mL sterile conical tube.
8. Centrifuge at 500 rpm for 10 minutes. Once pelleted, remove the supernatant and resuspend the cell pellet carefully in 1 mL fresh assay with p1000 pipette.
9. Add 19 mL of assay media and mix gently.
10. Filter the cell suspension with cell strainer.
11. Count the cells and adjust cell density to 1.0 x 105 cells/mL in media.
Comment
Compounds with and IC50_Mean <= 20 uM are defined as actives in this assay.
To simplify the distinction between the inactives of the primary screen and of the confirmatory screening stage, the Tiered Activity Scoring System was developed and implemented. Its utilization for the assay is described below.
Activity Scoring
Activity scoring rules were devised to take into consideration compound efficacy, its potential interference with the assay and the screening stage that the data was obtained. Details of the Scoring System will be published elsewhere. Briefly, the outline of the scoring system utilized for the assay is as follows:
1) First tier (0-40 range) is reserved for primary screening data and is not applicable in this assay.
2) Second tier (41-80 range) is reserved for dose-response confirmation data and is not applicable in this assay
3) Third tier (81-100 range) is reserved for resynthesized true positives and their analogues
a. Inactive compounds of the confirmatory stage are assigned a score value equal 81.
b. The score is linearly correlated with a compound potency and, in addition, provides a measure of the likelihood that the compound is not an artifact based on the available information.
c. The Hill coefficient is taken as a measure of compound behavior in the assay via an additional scaling factor QC:
QC = 2.6*[exp(-0.5*nH^2) - exp(-1.5*nH^2)]
This empirical factor prorates the likelihood of target-specific compound effect vs. its non-specific behavior in the assay. This factor is based on expectation that a compound with a single mode of action that achieved equilibrium in this assay demonstrates the Hill coefficient value of 1. Compounds deviating from that behavior are penalized proportionally to the degree of their deviation.
d. Summary equation that takes into account the items discussed above is
Score = 82 + 3*(pIC50 - 3)*QC,
where pIC50 is a negative log(10) of the IC50 value expressed in mole/L concentration units. This equation results in the Score values above 85 for compounds that demonstrate high potency and predictable behavior. Compounds that are inactive in the assay or whose concentration-dependent behavior are likely to be an artifact of that assay will generally have lower Score values.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From PubChem:
Assay Type: Toxicity
Assay Cell Type: CHO
Result Definitions
Show more
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
ScoreThe BioAssay activity ranking scoreInteger
1IC50_Mean_QualifierThis qualifier is to be used with the next TID, IC50_Mean. If the qualifier is ""="", the IC50 result equals the value in that column. If the qualifier is "">"", the IC50 result is greater than that value. If the qualifier is ""<"", the IC50 result is smaller than that valueString
2IC50_Mean*IC50 value determined using a sigmoidal dose response equationFloatμM
3IC50_Qualifier_1This qualifier is to be used with the next TID, . If the qualifier is "=", the IC50 result equals the value in that column. If the qualifier is ">", the IC50 result is greater than that value. If the qualifier is "<", the IC50 result is smaller than that valueString
4IC50_1IC50 value determined using a sigmoidal dose response equationFloatμM
5Std.Err(IC50)_1Standard Error of the IC50 valueFloatμM
6nH_1Hill coefficient determined using sigmoidal dose response equationFloat
7Excluded_Points_first_pointFlags to indicate which of the first dose-response points were excluded from analysis. (1) means the titration point was excluded and (0) means the point was not excluded.String
8% Activity at 80 uM_first_point (80μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
9% Activity at 40 uM_first_point (40μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
10% Activity at 20 uM_first_point (20μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
11% Activity at 10 uM_first_point (10μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
12% Activity at 5 uM_first_point (5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
13% Activity at 2.5 uM_first_point (2.5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
14% Activity at 1.25 uM_first_point (1.25μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
15% Activity at 0.625 uM_first_point (0.625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
16% Activity at 0.3125 uM_first_point (0.3125μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
17% Activity at 0.15625 uM_first_point (0.15625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
18Excluded_Points_second_pointFlags to indicate which of the second dose-response points were excluded from analysis. (1) means the titration point was excluded and (0) means the point was not excluded.String
19% Activity at 80 uM_second_point (80μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
20% Activity at 40 uM_second_point (40μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
21% Activity at 20 uM_second_point (20μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
22% Activity at 10 uM_second_point (10μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
23% Activity at 5 uM_second_point (5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
24% Activity at 2.5 uM_second_point (2.5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
25% Activity at 1.25 uM_second_point (1.25μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
26% Activity at 0.625 uM_second_point (0.625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
27% Activity at 0.3125 uM_second_point (0.3125μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
28% Activity at 0.15625 uM_second_point (0.15625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
29IC50_Qualifier_2This qualifier is to be used with the next TID, . If the qualifier is "=", the IC50 result equals the value in that column. If the qualifier is ">", the IC50 result is greater than that value. If the qualifier is "<", the IC50 result is smaller than that valueString
30IC50_2IC50 value determined using a sigmoidal dose response equationFloatμM
31Std.Err(IC50)_2Standard Error of the IC50 valueFloatμM
32nH_2Hill coefficient determined using sigmoidal dose response equationFloat
33Excluded_Points_third_pointFlags to indicate which of the third dose-response points were excluded from analysis. (1) means the titration point was excluded and (0) means the point was not excluded.String
34% Activity at 80 uM_third_point (80μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
35% Activity at 40 uM_third_point (40μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
36% Activity at 20 uM_third_point (20μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
37% Activity at 10 uM_third_point (10μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
38% Activity at 5 uM_third_point (5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
39% Activity at 2.5 uM_third_point (2.5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
40% Activity at 1.25 uM_third_point (1.25μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
41% Activity at 0.625 uM_third_point (0.625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
42% Activity at 0.3125 uM_third_point (0.3125μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
43% Activity at 0.15625 uM_third_point (0.15625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
44Excluded_Points_fourth_pointFlags to indicate which of the fourth dose-response points were excluded from analysis. (1) means the titration point was excluded and (0) means the point was not excluded.String
45% Activity at 80 uM_fourth_point (80μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
46% Activity at 40 uM_fourth_point (40μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
47% Activity at 20 uM_fourth_point (20μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
48% Activity at 10 uM_fourth_point (10μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
49% Activity at 5 uM_fourth_point (5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
50% Activity at 2.5 uM_fourth_point (2.5μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
51% Activity at 1.25 uM_fourth_point (1.25μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
52% Activity at 0.625 uM_fourth_point (0.625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
53% Activity at 0.3125 uM_fourth_point (0.3125μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%
54% Activity at 0.15625 uM_fourth_point (0.15625μM**)% Activity at the test concentrationFloat%

* Activity Concentration. ** Test Concentration.
Additional Information
Grant Number: 1 R03 MH089782-01

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
PageFrom: