24 hour HeLa Cytotox assay Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2117-03_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity
At this stage in the project, interesting compounds have been studied in biochemical reactions. This assay examines if any potential probes are cytotoxic to cells. A standard human cell line, HeLa cells, are exposed to compounds for 24 hours with various concentrations of the compounds. Promega's Cell Titer Glo, which measures cellular ATP levels, is used to examine cellular viability in a luminescence-based assay. ..more
BioActive Compounds: 6
Keywords: CellTiterGlo, HeLa, cytotoxicity, ATP
At this stage in the project, interesting compounds have been studied in biochemical reactions. This assay examines if any potential probes are cytotoxic to cells. A standard human cell line, HeLa cells, are exposed to compounds for 24 hours with various concentrations of the compounds. Promega's Cell Titer Glo, which measures cellular ATP levels, is used to examine cellular viability in a luminescence-based assay.
A small percentage of compounds identified as hits will be toxic to cells at less than 10 uM. This will lead to a reduction in cellular ATP levels which correlates with a decreased luminescence signal and increased cytotoxicity. Compounds that exhibit no cytotoxicity at <30 uM will be prioritized for follow-up studies.
HeLa cells are seeded at 3,000 cells per well in 30 uL phenol-red free DMEM/10% fetal bovine serum to opaque, white Corning 8867BC 384 well plates. The following day, 100 nL of compound is added per well with the CyBio Vario pinning apparatus. DMSO is added to neutral control wells and mitoxantrone is used as a positive control due to its cytotoxic capacity. HeLa cells are incubated in the Liconic incubators for 24 hours at 37 degrees C. 30 uL of Cell Titer Glo (Promega) is added per well, shaken for 1 minute, incubated at room temperature for 10 minutes and then read on the Perkin Elmer Envision plate reader with standard luminescence parameters. Compounds which exhibit no cytotoxicity at 10 uM and/or below will be prioritized for follow-up. Compounds will only be considered valid for subsequent studies if they do not kill mammalian cells.
PRESENCE OF CONTROLS: Neutral control wells (NC) and positive control wells (PC) were included on every plate.
EXPECTED OUTCOME: Active compounds result in decreasing readout signal.
ACTIVE CONCENTRATION LIMIT:
For each sample, the highest valid tested concentration (Max_Concentration) was determined and the active concentration limit (AC_limit) was set to equal (10)(Max_Concentration).
The raw signals of the plate wells were normalized using the 'Neutral Controls' method in Genedata Assay Analyzer (v7.0.3):
The median raw signal of the intraplate neutral controls (NC) is set to a normalized activity value of 0.
A normalized activity value of 100 is defined as (2)(NC).
A normalized activity value of -50 is defined as (0.5)(NC).
Experimental wells values were scaled to this range.
PATTERN CORRECTION: No plate pattern correction algorithm from Genedata Condoseo (v.7.0.3) was applied.
MEASUREMENT USED TO DETERMINE ACTIVE CONCENTRATION (AC): AC50
AC values were calculated using the curve fitting strategies in Genedata Screener Condoseo (7.0.3).
AC values were calculated up to the active concentration limit described for each sample.
pAC was set to equal -1*log10(AC)
Activity_Outcome = 1 (inactive) when:
a) compound shows activity but in a direction opposite to the expected outcome
in these cases, values describing curve fitting parameters (Sinf, S0, Hill Slope, log_AC50, log_AC50_SE) are set to null
b) curve fit is constant where activity is > -30% and < 30% at all tested concentrations, or
c) AC > AC_limit
Activity_Outcome = 2 (active) when:
AC <= AC_limit
Activity_Outcome = 3 (inconclusive) when:
a) Curve fitting strategy resulted in a constant fit with activity >= -70% but <= -30%, or
b) The fit was deemed not valid due to poor fit quality.
If PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_OUTCOME = 1 (inactive) or 3 (inconclusive),
then PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE = 0
If PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_OUTCOME = 2 (active)
then PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE = (10)(pAC)
Scores relate to AC in this manner:
120 = 1 pM
90 = 1 nM
60 = 1 uM
30 = 1 mM
0 = 1 M
When the active concentration (AC) is calculated to be greater than the highest valid tested concentration (Max_Concentration), the PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE is calculated using Max_Concentration as the basis.
When the active concentration (AC) is calculated to be less than the lowest tested concentration, the PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE is calculated using the lowest tested concentration as the basis.
The individual dose data point columns ('Activity_at_xxuM') reported here represent the median of valid (unmasked) replicate observations at each concentration. These values are the inputs to a curve fitting algorithm.
All other data columns represent values which are derived during the curve fitting algorithm; this may sometimes include automatic further masking of some replicate data points.
Occasionally this results in perceived inconsistencies: for example, between the derived 'Maximal_Activity' and the apparent most active data point.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
* Activity Concentration. ** Test Concentration.
Data Table (Concise)