Summary of the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of the Steroid Receptor Coactivator 1 (SRC1; NCOA1)
Name: Summary of the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of the Steroid Receptor Coactivator 1 (SRC1; NCOA1). ..more
Depositor Specified Assays
Source (MLPCN Center Name): The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center (SRIMSC)
Affiliation: The Scripps Research Institute, TSRI
Assay Provider: Bert O'Malley, Baylor College of Medicine
Network: Molecular Library Probe Production Centers Network (MLPCN)
Grant Proposal Number: 5U19DK062434-09
Grant Proposal PI: Bert O'Malley, Baylor College of Medicine
External Assay ID: SRC1_INH_SUMMARY
Name: Summary of the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of the Steroid Receptor Coactivator 1 (SRC1; NCOA1).
Chemotherapeutic agents that target estrogen receptor alpha (ERa and growth factor signaling systems have been extensively pursued and developed for a long time (1-4). However, one of the most pressing limitations of currently established chemotherapeutic agents for breast cancer is the fact that breast cancers frequently acquire resistance to antiestrogens (5, 6). Nuclear receptors (NR) and other hormone receptors mediate their cellular effects in part through the interaction with coactivators which increase their transcriptional activity. The best characterized coactivator family is the steroid receptor coactivator (SRC) family (7). Given the central role that SRC-3 plays in breast and other cancers, the search for small molecule agents that target SRC-1 and SRC-3 represent an innovative and potentially effective strategy to identify agents to treat hormone-refractory breast cancers and other cancers where these coactivators are overexpressed. Compounds that target the function of steroid receptor coactivator 3 (SRC-3) protein promise to be different because cancer cells are less likely to bypass the comprehensive disruption of multiple growth factor signaling systems that result from the loss of SRC-3 function. In contrast to the goal of screens that seek to interfere with NR-coactivator interactions, the work proposed here aims to identify compounds that specifically target the coactivators themselves. This approach offers to be more broadly applicable. For instance, SRC-1 or SRC-3 typically remains overexpressed in ER negative cancers or acts as a coactivator for other oncogenic transcription factors (8). SMIs that target ERa, on the other hand are largely predicted to duplicate the biological action of antiestrogens such as tamoxifen.
Summary of Probe Development Effort:
This probe development effort is focused on the identification of identify inhibitors of the Steroid Receptor Coactivator 1 (SRC1; NCOA1). All AIDs that contain results associated with this project can be found in the "Related Bioassays" section of this Summary AID.
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2. Ciardiello, F., T. Troiani, F. Caputo, M. De Laurentiis, G. Tortora, G. Palmieri, F. De Vita, M.R. Diadema, M. Orditura, G. Colantuoni, C. Gridelli, G. Catalano, S. De Placido, and A.R. Bianco, Phase II study of gefitinib in combination with docetaxel as first-line therapy in metastatic breast cancer. Br J Cancer, 2006. 94(11): p. 1604-9.
3. Goldstein, D., S.M. Bushmeyer, P.L. Witt, V.C. Jordan, and E.C. Borden, Effects of type I and II interferons on cultured human breast cells: interaction with estrogen receptors and with tamoxifen. Cancer Res, 1989. 49(10): p. 2698-702.
4. Riggins, R.B., A. Zwart, R. Nehra, and R. Clarke, The nuclear factor kappa B inhibitor parthenolide restores ICI 182,780 (Faslodex; fulvestrant)-induced apoptosis in antiestrogen-resistant breast cancer cells. Mol Cancer Ther, 2005. 4(1): p. 33-41.
5. Chen, F.L., W. Xia, and N.L. Spector, Acquired resistance to small molecule ErbB2 tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Clin Cancer Res, 2008. 14(21): p. 6730-4.
6. Riggins, R.B., M.M. Mazzotta, O.Z. Maniya, and R. Clarke, Orphan nuclear receptors in breast cancer pathogenesis and therapeutic response. Endocr Relat Cancer, 2010. 17(3): p. R213-31.
7. Lonard, D.M., R. Kumar, and B.W. O'Malley, Minireview: the SRC family of coactivators: an entree to understanding a subset of polygenic diseases? Mol Endocrinol, 2010. 24(2): p. 279-85.
8. Xu, J., R.C. Wu, and B.W. O'Malley, Normal and cancer-related functions of the p160 steroid receptor co-activator (SRC) family. Nat Rev Cancer, 2009. 9(9): p. 615-30.
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