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BioAssay: AID 580838

Inhibition of glutathione peroxidase in human A549 cells assessed as enzyme activity at 5 nM after 24 hrs relative to untreated control

The cancer chemopreventive agent ellagic acid (EA) is a known inhibitor of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and possesses antiplasmodial activities in the upper-nanomolar range. In the recent drug development approach, the properties of the active site of Plasmodium falciparum GST were exploited for inhibitor design by introducing one or two additional hydroxyl groups into EA, yielding more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 580838
Data Source: ChEMBL (729378)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2011-09-18
Modify Date: 2014-05-27

Data Table ( Complete ):           All
Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: Compounds structurally related to ellagic acid show improved antiplasmodial activity.

Abstract: The cancer chemopreventive agent ellagic acid (EA) is a known inhibitor of glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) and possesses antiplasmodial activities in the upper-nanomolar range. In the recent drug development approach, the properties of the active site of Plasmodium falciparum GST were exploited for inhibitor design by introducing one or two additional hydroxyl groups into EA, yielding flavellagic acid (FEA) and coruleoellagic acid (CEA), respectively. Indeed, the inhibition of P. falciparum GST was improved with the increasing hydrophilicity of the planar polyaromatic ring system. Studying the effects of the two compounds on the central redox enzymes of Plasmodium revealed that glutathione reductase and thioredoxin reductase also are inhibited in the lower-micromolar range. Both compounds had strong antiplasmodial activity in the lower-nanomolar range and were particularly effective against chloroquine (CQ)-resistant P. falciparum strains. Neither FEA nor CEA showed cytotoxic effects on human cells. This was supported by negligible changes in transcript levels and enzyme activities of redox enzymes in human A549 cells upon treatment with the compounds. In Plasmodium, however, CEA treatment resulted in a marked downregulation of most antioxidant genes studied and impaired mainly the trophozoite stage of the parasites. In addition, EA, CEA, and FEA were found to strongly inhibit in vitro heme aggregation. In vitro and preliminary in vivo studies indicated that, compared to CQ, CEA is a slowly acting compound and is able to significantly improve the survival of Plasmodium berghei-infected mice. We conclude that FEA and CEA are promising antimalarial compounds that deserve to be studied further.
(PMID: 19015351)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 22226
Target Type: UNCHECKED
Pref Name: Unchecked
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format

Assay Cell Type: A549

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat%
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat%

Data Table (Concise)
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