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BioAssay: AID 502912

Cytotoxicity against human WI38 cells assessed as cell viability pretreated after 16 hrs by MTT assay in presence of 0.5 uM cytochalasin B

The actin cytoskeleton supports diverse cellular processes such as endocytosis, oriented growth, adhesion and migration. The dynamic nature of the cytoskeleton, however, has made it difficult to define the roles of the many accessory molecules that modulate actin organization, especially the multifunctional adapter protein annexin II. We now report that the compound withaferin A (1) can alter more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Inactive(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
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Inactive(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 502912
Data Source: ChEMBL (652952)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2011-02-25
Modify Date: 2014-05-26

Data Table ( Complete ):           All
Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: Actin microfilament aggregation induced by withaferin A is mediated by annexin II.

Abstract: The actin cytoskeleton supports diverse cellular processes such as endocytosis, oriented growth, adhesion and migration. The dynamic nature of the cytoskeleton, however, has made it difficult to define the roles of the many accessory molecules that modulate actin organization, especially the multifunctional adapter protein annexin II. We now report that the compound withaferin A (1) can alter cytoskeletal architecture in a previously unknown manner by covalently binding annexin II and stimulating its basal F-actin cross-linking activity. Drug-mediated disruption of F-actin organization is dependent on annexin II expression by cells and markedly limits their migratory and invasive capabilities at subcytotoxic concentrations. Given the extensive ethnobotanical history of withaferin-containing plant preparations in the treatment of cancer and inflammatory and neurological disorders, we suggest that annexin II represents a feasible, previously unexploited target for therapeutic intervention by small-molecule drugs.
(PMID: 16408090)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 80589
Target Type: CELL-LINE
Cell Line: WI-38
Tissue: Embryonic lung fibroblast cells
Pref Name: WI-38
Organism: Homo sapiens
Tax ID: 9606
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Functional

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format

Assay Cell Type: WI-38

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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