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BioAssay: AID 476072

Inhibition of human APE1 up to 100 uM

Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (Tdp1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of 3'-phosphotyrosyl bonds. Such linkages form in vivo when topoisomerase I (Top1) processes DNA. For this reason, Tdp1 has been implicated in the repair of irreversible Top1-DNA covalent complexes. Tdp1 inhibitors have been regarded as potential therapeutics in combination with Top1 inhibitors, such as the more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Inactive(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Inactive(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 476072
Data Source: ChEMBL (626935)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-09-27
Modify Date: 2014-08-23

Data Table ( Complete ):           View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase; AltName: Full=APEX nuclease; Short=APEN; AltName: Full=Apurinic-apyrimidinic endonuclease 1; Short=AP endonuclease 1; Short=APE-1; AltName: Full=REF-1; AltName: Full=Redox factor-1; Contains: RecName: Full=DNA-(apurinic or apyrimidinic site) lyase, mitochondrial
Description ..   
Protein Family: Human Ape1-like subfamily of the ExoIII family purinic/apyrimidinic (AP) endonucleases
Comment ..   

Gene:APEX1     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: 4-Pregnen-21-ol-3,20-dione-21-(4-bromobenzenesulfonate) (NSC 88915) and related novel steroid derivatives as tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase (Tdp1) inhibitors.

Abstract: Tyrosyl-DNA phosphodiesterase 1 (Tdp1) is an enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of 3'-phosphotyrosyl bonds. Such linkages form in vivo when topoisomerase I (Top1) processes DNA. For this reason, Tdp1 has been implicated in the repair of irreversible Top1-DNA covalent complexes. Tdp1 inhibitors have been regarded as potential therapeutics in combination with Top1 inhibitors, such as the camptothecin derivatives, topotecan, and irinotecan, which are used to treat human cancers. Using a novel high-throughput screening assay, we have identified the C21-substituted progesterone derivative, NSC 88915 (1), as a potential Tdp1 inhibitor. Secondary screening and cross-reactivity studies with related DNA processing enzymes confirmed that compound 1 possesses specific Tdp1 inhibitory activity. Deconstruction of compound 1 into discrete functional groups reveals that both components are required for inhibition of Tdp1 activity. Moreover, the synthesis of analogues of compound 1 has provided insight into the structural requirements for the inhibition of Tdp1. Surface plasmon resonance shows that compound 1 binds to Tdp1, whereas an inactive analogue fails to interact with the enzyme. On the basis of molecular docking and mechanistic studies, we propose that these compounds are competitive inhibitors, which mimics the oligonucleotide-peptide Tdp1 substrate. These steroid derivatives represent a novel chemotype and provide a new scaffold for developing small molecule inhibitors of Tdp1.
(PMID: 19883083)
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Inhibition activity commentInhibition activity commentString
2Inhibition standard flagInhibition standard flagInteger
3Inhibition qualifierInhibition qualifierString
4Inhibition published valueInhibition published valueFloat
5Inhibition standard valueInhibition standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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