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BioAssay: AID 457969

Inhibition of tyrosinase

Novel 3,4-dihydroquinazoline-2(1H)-thiones (QNTs) 1 were found to be potent inhibitors of alpha-MSH-induced melanin production. The effect of QNTs to inhibit melanin formation in B16 melanoma cells was screened in the presence of alpha-MSH. In defining the mechanism of activity, the effects on tyrosinase activity, on tyrosinase synthesis and on the depigmentation of melanin were evaluated. QNTs did not affect the catalytic activity of tyrosinase, but rather acted as an inhibitor of tyrosinase synthesis. ..more
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 457969
Data Source: ChEMBL (609027)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-07-30
Modify Date: 2014-05-26

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Evaluation of 3,4-dihydroquinazoline-2(1H)-thiones as inhibitors of alpha-MSH-induced melanin production in melanoma B16 cells.

Abstract: Novel 3,4-dihydroquinazoline-2(1H)-thiones (QNTs) 1 were found to be potent inhibitors of alpha-MSH-induced melanin production. The effect of QNTs to inhibit melanin formation in B16 melanoma cells was screened in the presence of alpha-MSH. In defining the mechanism of activity, the effects on tyrosinase activity, on tyrosinase synthesis and on the depigmentation of melanin were evaluated. QNTs did not affect the catalytic activity of tyrosinase, but rather acted as an inhibitor of tyrosinase synthesis.
(PMID: 20097083)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 73
Target Type: SINGLE PROTEIN
Pref Name: Tyrosinase
Synonyms: LB24-AB;Monophenol monooxygenase;SK29-AB;Tumor rejection antigen AB;Tyrosinase;
Gene Name: TYR;
Protein Accession: P14679;
Protein GI: 401235;
Organism: Homo sapiens
Tax ID: 9606
Target Classification: enzyme reductase
Confidence: Homologous single protein target assigned
Relationship Type: Homologous protein target assigned
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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