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BioAssay: AID 447529

Inhibition of human recombinant COX2 by enzyme immunoassay

A new class of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory (AI) ester prodrugs (NONO-coxibs) wherein an O(2)-acetoxymethyl-1-(N-ethyl-N-methylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (13a-b), or O(2)-acetoxymethyl-1-(2-methylpyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (16a-b), NO-donor moiety was covalently coupled to the COOH group of more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(9)
 
 
Active(9)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(9)
 
 
Active(9)
 
 
AID: 447529
Data Source: ChEMBL (598707)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-07-08
Modify Date: 2014-08-24

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-2; Short=COX-2; AltName: Full=PHS II; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Short=PGH synthase 2; Short=PGHS-2; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Animal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and related bacterial proteins
Comment ..   

Gene:PTGS2     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 9
Description:
Title: Diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolated nitric oxide donor ester prodrugs of 5-(4-carboxymethylphenyl)-1-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-3-trifluoromethyl-1H-pyrazole and its aminosulfonyl analog: Synthesis, biological evaluation and nitric oxide release studies.

Abstract: A new class of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory (AI) ester prodrugs (NONO-coxibs) wherein an O(2)-acetoxymethyl-1-(N-ethyl-N-methylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (13a-b), or O(2)-acetoxymethyl-1-(2-methylpyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (16a-b), NO-donor moiety was covalently coupled to the COOH group of 5-(4-carboxymethylphenyl)-1-(4-methane(amino)sulfonylphenyl)-3-trifluoromethyl-1H-pyrazole (11a-b) was synthesized. The percentage of NO released from these diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolates was significantly higher (59.6-74.6% of the theoretical maximal release of 2 molecules of NO/molecule of the parent hybrid ester prodrug) upon incubation in the presence of rat serum, relative to incubation with phosphate buffer (PBS) at pH 7.4 (5.0-7.2% range). These incubation studies suggest that both NO and the AI compound would be released from the parent NONO-coxib upon in vivo cleavage by non-specific serum esterases. All compounds were weak inhibitors of the COX-1 isozyme (IC(50)=8.1-65.2microM range) and modest inhibitors of the COX-2 isozyme (IC(50)=0.9-4.6microM range). The most potent parent aminosulfonyl compound 11b exhibited AI activity that was about sixfold greater than that for aspirin and threefold greater than that for ibuprofen. The ester prodrugs 13b, 16b exhibited similar AI activity to that exhibited by the more potent parent acid 11b when the same oral mumol/kg dose was administered. These studies indicate hybrid ester AI/NO donor prodrugs of this type (NONO-coxibs) constitute a plausible drug design concept targeted toward the development of selective COX-2 inhibitory AI drugs that are devoid of adverse cardiovascular effects.
(PMID: 19500994)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Protein Target Class: enzyme reductase
Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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