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BioAssay: AID 399547

Spasmolytic activity in guinea pig ileum assessed as inhibition of spontaneous contraction in presence of L-NAME

A CH(2)Cl(2)-MeOH (1:1) extract prepared from the whole plant of Nidema boothii inhibited spontaneous contractions (IC(50) = 6.26 +/- 2.5 microg/mL) of the guinea-pig ileum. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the active extract led to the isolation of the novel spiro compound 1, which was given the trivial name nidemone, and the new dihydrophenanthrene 3, characterized as more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(2)
 
 
Inactive(2)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(2)
 
 
Inactive(2)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 399547
Data Source: ChEMBL (547576)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-25
Modify Date: 2014-05-14

Data Table ( Complete ):           All
Tested Compounds:
Description:
Title: Spasmolytic effects, mode of action, and structure-activity relationships of stilbenoids from Nidema boothii.

Abstract: A CH(2)Cl(2)-MeOH (1:1) extract prepared from the whole plant of Nidema boothii inhibited spontaneous contractions (IC(50) = 6.26 +/- 2.5 microg/mL) of the guinea-pig ileum. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the active extract led to the isolation of the novel spiro compound 1, which was given the trivial name nidemone, and the new dihydrophenanthrene 3, characterized as 1,5,7-trimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene-2,6-diol. In addition, the known stilbenoids aloifol II (2), 1,5,7-trimethoxyphenanthrene-2,6-diol (4), ephemeranthoquinone (5), gigantol (6), ephemeranthol B (7), 2,4-dimethoxyphenanthrene-3,7-diol (8), lusianthridin (9), and batatasin III (10) were obtained. The isolates were characterized structurally by spectroscopic data interpretation. Compounds 2-6, 9, and 10 induced notable concentration-dependent inhibition of the spontaneous contractions of the guinea-pig ileum with IC(50) values that ranged between 0.14 and 2.36 microM. Bibenzyl analogues 23-35 were synthesized and tested pharmacologically. The results indicated that for maximum spasmolytic activity the bibenzyls should have oxygenated substituents on both aromatic rings; on the other hand, methylation of free hydroxyl groups as well as the increment of oxygenated groups in relation to compounds 6 and 10 decreased the smooth muscle relaxant activity. It was also demonstrated that bibenzyls 6 and 10 might exert their spasmolytic action not only by a nitrergic mechanism but also by inhibiting CaM-mediated processes.
(PMID: 14987052)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 102380
Target Type: TISSUE
Pref Name: Ileum
Organism: Cavia porcellus
Tax ID: 10141
Confidence: Target assigned is non-molecular
Relationship Type: Non-molecular target assigned
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Functional

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: tissue-based format

Assay Tissue: Ileum

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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