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BioAssay: AID 397121

Inhibition of DNA polymerase beta from human KB3 cells assessed as non-competitive type inhibition using dTTP as substrate

Digallic acid (gallic acid 5,6-dihydroxy-3-carboxyphenyl ester) [4] was found to be a potent inhibitor of the activities of the reverse transcriptases from murine leukemia virus (MLV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Under the reaction conditions specified for each of MLV and HIV reverse transcriptases, both enzymes were inhibited by approximately 90% in the presence of 0.5 micrograms/ml more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
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Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
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Active(1)
 
 
AID: 397121
Data Source: ChEMBL (545150)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-26
Modify Date: 2014-12-06

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=DNA polymerase beta
Description ..   
Protein Family: Nucleotidyltransferase (NT) domain of family X DNA Polymerases
Comment ..   

Gene:POLB     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: Differential inhibition of reverse transcriptase and various DNA polymerases by digallic acid and its derivatives.

Abstract: Digallic acid (gallic acid 5,6-dihydroxy-3-carboxyphenyl ester) [4] was found to be a potent inhibitor of the activities of the reverse transcriptases from murine leukemia virus (MLV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Under the reaction conditions specified for each of MLV and HIV reverse transcriptases, both enzymes were inhibited by approximately 90% in the presence of 0.5 micrograms/ml digallic acid. Under the same conditions, however, gallic acid had no effect on the reverse transcriptase activity. The mode of the inhibition by digallic acid was partially competitive with respect to the template.primer, (rA)n.(dT)12-18', and noncompetitive to the triphosphate substrate, dTTP. The Ki value of digallic acid for HIV-reverse transcriptase was determined to be 0.58 microM. Examination of several derivatives of digallic acid have shown that all three hydroxyl groups at the 3, 4, and 5 positions seem to be required for the inhibitory activity of these compounds. Besides reverse transcriptase, DNA polymerases alpha and beta were moderately inhibited by digallic acid, whereas DNA polymerase gamma, terminal deoxynucleotidyltransferase, and E. coli DNA polymerase I were virtually insensitive to inhibition by this compound.
(PMID: 1705574)
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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