Bookmark and Share
BioAssay: AID 396737

Induction of F-actin aggregation in human WI38 cells after 4 hrs

Preparations of the roots of the medicinal plant Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal commonly called ashwagandha have been used for millennia in the Ayurvedic medical tradition of India as a general tonic to relieve stress and enhance health, especially in the elderly. In modern times, ashwagandha has been shown to possess intriguing antiangiogenic and anticancer activity, largely attributable to the more ..
_
   
 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Active(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 396737
Data Source: ChEMBL (544766)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-26
Modify Date: 2014-05-16

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
BioActive Compound: 1
Description:
Title: 2,3-Dihydrowithaferin A-3beta-O-sulfate, a new potential prodrug of withaferin A from aeroponically grown Withania somnifera.

Abstract: Preparations of the roots of the medicinal plant Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal commonly called ashwagandha have been used for millennia in the Ayurvedic medical tradition of India as a general tonic to relieve stress and enhance health, especially in the elderly. In modern times, ashwagandha has been shown to possess intriguing antiangiogenic and anticancer activity, largely attributable to the presence of the steroidal lactone withaferin A as the major constituent. When cultured using the aeroponic technique, however, this plant was found to produce a new natural product, 2,3-dihydrowithaferin A-3beta-O-sulfate (1), as the predominant constituent of methanolic extracts prepared from aerial tissues. The characteristic bioactivities exhibited by 1 including inhibition of cancer cell proliferation/survival, disruption of cytoskeletal organization and induction of the cellular heat-shock response paralleled those displayed by withaferin A (2). The delayed onset of action and reduced potency of 1 in cell culture along with previous observations demonstrating the requirement of the 2(3)-double bond in withanolides for bioactivity suggested that 1 might be converted to 2 in cell culture media and this was confirmed by HPLC analysis. The abundant yield of 1 from aeroponically cultivated plants, its good aqueous solubility and spontaneous conversion to 2 under cell culture conditions, suggest that 1 could prove useful as a readily formulated prodrug of withaferin A that merits further evaluation in animal models.
(PMID: 19056281)
Comment
Putative Target:

ChEMBL Target ID: 80589
Target Type: CELL-LINE
Cell Line: WI-38
Tissue: Embryonic lung fibroblast cells
Pref Name: WI-38
Organism: Homo sapiens
Tax ID: 9606
Confidence: Default value - Target unknown or has yet to be assigned
Relationship Type: Default value - Target has yet to be curated
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Functional

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format

Assay Cell Type: WI-38

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
PageFrom: