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BioAssay: AID 342801

Inhibition of human lysosomal beta-glucosidase

We investigated in vitro inhibition of mammalian carbohydrate-degrading enzymes by six-membered sugar mimics and their evaluation in cell cultures. 1-Deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) showed no significant inhibition toward glycogen phosphorylase (GP) but was a potent inhibitor of another glycogen-degrading enzyme, amylo-1,6-glucosidase (1,6-GL), with an IC(50) value of 0.16 microM. In primary rat more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(5)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(5)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
Unspecified(2)
 
 
AID: 342801
Data Source: ChEMBL (490830)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-26
Modify Date: 2014-05-25

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Glucosylceramidase; AltName: Full=Acid beta-glucosidase; AltName: Full=Alglucerase; AltName: Full=Beta-glucocerebrosidase; Short=Beta-GC; AltName: Full=D-glucosyl-N-acylsphingosine glucohydrolase; AltName: Full=Imiglucerase; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: O-Glycosyl hydrolase family 30
Comment ..   

Gene:GBA     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 3
Description:
Title: In vitro inhibition of glycogen-degrading enzymes and glycosidases by six-membered sugar mimics and their evaluation in cell cultures.

Abstract: We investigated in vitro inhibition of mammalian carbohydrate-degrading enzymes by six-membered sugar mimics and their evaluation in cell cultures. 1-Deoxynojirimycin (DNJ) showed no significant inhibition toward glycogen phosphorylase (GP) but was a potent inhibitor of another glycogen-degrading enzyme, amylo-1,6-glucosidase (1,6-GL), with an IC(50) value of 0.16 microM. In primary rat hepatocytes, the inhibition of glycogen breakdown by DNJ reached plateau at 100 microM with 25% inhibition and then remained unchanged. The potent GP inhibitor 1,4-dideoxy-1,4-imino-D-arabinitol (D-AB1) inhibited hepatic glucose production with an IC(50) value of about 9 microM and the inhibition by D-AB1 was further enhanced in the presence of DNJ. DNJ and alpha-homonojirimycin (HNJ) are very potent inhibitors of rat intestinal maltase, with IC(50) values of 0.13 and 0.08 microM, respectively, and also showed a similar strong inhibition toward maltase in Caco-2 cell model system, with IC(50) value of 0.05 and 0.10 microM, respectively. D-Isofagomine (D-IFG) and L-IFG are competitive and noncompetitive inhibitors of human lysosomal beta-glucosidase (beta-GL), respectively, with K(i) values of 8.4 nM and 6.9 microM. D-IFG increased intracellular beta-GL activity by twofold at 10 microM in Gaucher N370S cell line as an 'active-site-specific' chaperone, and surprisingly a noncompetitive inhibitor L-IFG also increased intracellular beta-GL activity by 1.6-fold at 500 microM.
(PMID: 18595718)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 data validityIC50 data validityString
12IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Classification
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