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BioAssay: AID 323982

Binding affinity to bovine serum albumin

A series of 2- and 3-OH Nile red dyes was prepared in order to generate water-soluble probes that could be used to probe lipid binding to proteins. Various substitutions in positions 2-/3-, 6-, and 7-shifted wavelengths while maintaining the environmental sensitivity of Nile red. In order to increase the solubility of the dyes in aqueous solutions, we attached butyric acid groups to the 2- or more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(2)
 
 
Active(2)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(2)
 
 
Active(2)
 
 
AID: 323982
Data Source: ChEMBL (472008)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-25
Modify Date: 2014-05-14

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Serum albumin; AltName: Full=BSA; AltName: Allergen=Bos d 6; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: ALBUMIN
Comment ..   

Gene:ALB     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 2
Description:
Title: Probing lipid- and drug-binding domains with fluorescent dyes.

Abstract: A series of 2- and 3-OH Nile red dyes was prepared in order to generate water-soluble probes that could be used to probe lipid binding to proteins. Various substitutions in positions 2-/3-, 6-, and 7-shifted wavelengths while maintaining the environmental sensitivity of Nile red. In order to increase the solubility of the dyes in aqueous solutions, we attached butyric acid groups to the 2- or 3-OH position. In addition, phenothiazine dyes, which exhibited particularly long excitation properties, were synthesized and tested for the first time. All dyes showed Stoke's shifts of 70-100 nm and changes in excitation and emission of over 100 nm, depending on the hydrophobicity of the environment. Binding studies with bovine serum albumin and the non-specific lipid transfer protein SCP2 revealed emission changes of more than 30 nm upon binding to the protein and a five-fold increase in emission intensity. Titration of the dye-loaded proteins with various lipids or drugs replaced the dye and thereby reversed the shift in wavelength intensity. This allowed us to estimate the lipid binding affinity of the investigated proteins. For SCP2, isothermal calorimetry (ITC) data verified the titration experiments. NMR titration experiments of SCP2 with Nile red 2-O-butyric acid (1a) revealed that the dye is bound within the lipid binding pocket and competes with lipid ligands for this binding site. These results give valuable insight into lipid and drug transport by proteins outside and inside cells.
(PMID: 18024138)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6EC50 activity commentEC50 activity commentString
7EC50 standard flagEC50 standard flagInteger
8EC50 qualifierEC50 qualifierString
9EC50 published valueEC50 published valueFloatμM
10EC50 standard valueEC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
12IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
13IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
14IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
15IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
Classification
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