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BioAssay: AID 321896

Inhibition of ovine COX2 by enzyme immunoassay

A new group of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory drugs wherein an O(2)-acetoxymethyl-1-(N-ethyl-N-methylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (11a-d), or 2-nitrooxyethyl (12a-d), (*)NO-donor moiety is attached directly to the carboxylic acid group of (E)-3-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(phenyl)acrylic acids were synthesized. The 2-nitrooxyethyl ester prodrugs (12a-d) all exhibited in vitro more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(11)
 
 
Active(11)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(11)
 
 
Active(11)
 
 
AID: 321896
Data Source: ChEMBL (469922)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-25
Modify Date: 2014-05-14

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 2; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-2; Short=COX-2; AltName: Full=PHS II; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 2; Short=PGH synthase 2; Short=PGHS-2; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 2; Flags: Precursor
Description ..   
Protein Family: Animal prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase and related bacterial proteins
Comment ..   

Gene:PTGS2     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 11
Description:
Title: Diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolated and nitrooxyethyl nitric oxide donor ester prodrugs of anti-inflammatory (E)-2-(aryl)-3-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)acrylic acids: synthesis, cyclooxygenase inhibition, and nitric oxide release studies.

Abstract: A new group of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing anti-inflammatory drugs wherein an O(2)-acetoxymethyl-1-(N-ethyl-N-methylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (11a-d), or 2-nitrooxyethyl (12a-d), (*)NO-donor moiety is attached directly to the carboxylic acid group of (E)-3-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(phenyl)acrylic acids were synthesized. The 2-nitrooxyethyl ester prodrugs (12a-d) all exhibited in vitro inhibitory activity against the cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) isozyme (IC(50)=0.07-2.8 microM range). All compounds released a low amount of (*)NO upon incubation with phosphate buffer (PBS) at pH 7.4 (1.0-4.8% range). In comparison, the percentage (*)NO released was significantly higher (76.2-83.0% range) when the diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate ester prodrugs were incubated in the presence of rat serum, or moderately higher (7.6-10.1% range) when the nitrooxyethyl ester prodrugs were incubated in the presence of L-cysteine. These incubation studies suggest that both (*)NO and the parent anti-inflammatory (E)-3-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-2-(phenyl)acrylic acid would be released upon in vivo cleavage by non-specific serum esterases in the case of the diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate esters (11a-d), or interaction with systemic thiols in the case of the nitrate esters (12a-d). O(2)-Acetoxymethyl-1-(N-ethyl-N-methylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (E)-3-(4-methanesulfonylphenyl)-2-phenylacrylate (11a) released 83% of the theoretical maximal release of 2 molecules of (*)NO/molecule of the parent hybrid ester prodrug upon incubation with rat serum. Hybrid ester anti-inflammatory/(*)NO donor prodrugs offer a potential drug design concept targeted toward the development of anti-inflammatory drugs that are devoid of adverse ulcerogenic and/or cardiovascular effects.
(PMID: 18096394)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
3BEIBinding Efficiency Index(nM)Float
2SEISurface Efficiency Index(nM)Float
4LELigand EfficiencyFloat
5LLELipophilic Ligand EfficiencyFloat
6IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
7IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
8IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
9IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatμM
10IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM
11IC50 binding domainsIC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
Classification
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