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BioAssay: AID 311068

Inhibition of CYP27A1

Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) represent a large class of heme-containing enzymes that catalyze the metabolism of multitudes of substrates both endogenous and exogenous. Until recently, however, CYPs have been largely overlooked in cancer drug development, acknowledged only for their role in phase I metabolism of chemotherapeutics. The first successful strategy targeting CYP enzymes in cancer therapy more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
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Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 311068
Data Source: ChEMBL (459094)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-25
Modify Date: 2014-08-25

Data Table ( Complete ):           View All Data
Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: Targeting cytochrome P450 enzymes: a new approach in anti-cancer drug development.

Abstract: Cytochrome P450s (CYPs) represent a large class of heme-containing enzymes that catalyze the metabolism of multitudes of substrates both endogenous and exogenous. Until recently, however, CYPs have been largely overlooked in cancer drug development, acknowledged only for their role in phase I metabolism of chemotherapeutics. The first successful strategy targeting CYP enzymes in cancer therapy was the development of potent inhibitors of CYP19 (aromatase) for the treatment of breast cancer. Aromatase inhibitors ushered in a new era in hormone ablation therapy for estrogen dependent cancers, and have paved the way for similar strategies (i.e., inhibition of CYP17) that combat androgen dependent prostate cancer. Identification of CYPs involved in the inactivation of anti-cancer metabolites of vitamin D(3) and vitamin A has triggered development of agents that target these enzymes as well. The discovery of the over-expression of exogenous metabolizing CYPs, such as CYP1B1, in cancer cells has roused interest in the development of inhibitors for chemoprevention and of prodrugs designed to be activated by CYPs only in cancer cells. Finally, the expression of CYPs within tumors has been utilized in the development of bioreductive molecules that are activated by CYPs only under hypoxic conditions. This review offers the first comprehensive analysis of strategies in drug development that either inhibit or exploit CYP enzymes for the treatment of cancer.
(PMID: 17544277)
Comment
Putative Target:
ChEMBL Target ID: 102645
Target Type: SINGLE PROTEIN
Pref Name: Sterol 26-hydroxylase, mitochondrial
Synonyms: 5-beta-cholestane-3-alpha;7-alpha;12-alpha-triol 27-hydroxylase;Cytochrome P-450C27/25;Cytochrome P450 27;Sterol 26-hydroxylase; mitochondrial;Sterol 27-hydroxylase;Vitamin D(3) 25-hydroxylase;
Gene Name: CYP27;CYP27A1;
Protein Accession: Q02318;
Protein GI: 399288;
Organism: Homo sapiens
Tax ID: 9606
Target Classification: enzyme
Confidence: Homologous single protein target assigned
Relationship Type: Homologous protein target assigned
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1IC50*IC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2IC50 activity commentIC50 activity commentString
3IC50 standard flagIC50 standard flagInteger
4IC50 qualifierIC50 qualifierString
5IC50 published valueIC50 published valueFloatnM
6IC50 standard valueIC50 standard valueFloatnM

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View All Data
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