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BioAssay: AID 289189

Inhibition of Saccharomyces cerevisiae cytoplasmic leucyl-tRNA synthetase assessed as [3H]IleutRNA-Leu hydrolysis by post-transfer editing assay

Aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetases, which catalyze the attachment of the correct amino acid to its corresponding tRNA during translation of the genetic code, are proven antimicrobial drug targets. We show that the broad-spectrum antifungal 5-fluoro-1,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborole (AN2690), in development for the treatment of onychomycosis, inhibits yeast cytoplasmic leucyl-tRNA more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1)
 
 
Unspecified(1)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 289189
Data Source: ChEMBL (437215)
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-25
Modify Date: 2014-05-23

Data Table ( Complete ):           View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Leucine--tRNA ligase, cytoplasmic; AltName: Full=Leucyl-tRNA synthetase; Short=LeuRS
Description ..   
Protein Family: catalytic core domain of leucyl-tRNA synthetases
Comment ..   

Gene:CDC60     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
Tested Compound:
Description:
Title: An antifungal agent inhibits an aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase by trapping tRNA in the editing site.

Abstract: Aminoacyl-transfer RNA (tRNA) synthetases, which catalyze the attachment of the correct amino acid to its corresponding tRNA during translation of the genetic code, are proven antimicrobial drug targets. We show that the broad-spectrum antifungal 5-fluoro-1,3-dihydro-1-hydroxy-2,1-benzoxaborole (AN2690), in development for the treatment of onychomycosis, inhibits yeast cytoplasmic leucyl-tRNA synthetase by formation of a stable tRNA(Leu)-AN2690 adduct in the editing site of the enzyme. Adduct formation is mediated through the boron atom of AN2690 and the 2'- and 3'-oxygen atoms of tRNA's3'-terminal adenosine. The trapping of enzyme-bound tRNA(Leu) in the editing site prevents catalytic turnover, thus inhibiting synthesis of leucyl-tRNA(Leu) and consequentially blocking protein synthesis. This result establishes the editing site as a bona fide target for aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase inhibitors.
(PMID: 17588934)
Categorized Comment
Assay Type: Binding

Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature

BAO: Assay Format: biochemical format

Target Type: Target is a single protein chain

Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1Activity activity commentActivity activity commentString
2Activity standard flagActivity standard flagInteger
3Activity qualifierActivity qualifierString
4Activity published valueActivity published valueFloat
5Activity standard valueActivity standard valueFloat

Data Table (Concise)
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Classification
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