In vitro inhibitory concentration against COX-1 enzyme
A novel group of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs ((*)NO-NSAIDs) possessing a 1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (11, 13, 15) or 1-(N,N-dimethylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (12, 14, 16) moiety attached via a one-carbon methylene spacer to the carboxylic acid group of the traditional NSAIDs aspirin, ibuprofen, and indomethacin were synthesized. Although more ..
Sequence: RecName: Full=Prostaglandin G/H synthase 1; AltName: Full=Cyclooxygenase-1; Short=COX-1; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin H2 synthase 1; Short=PGH synthase 1; Short=PGHS-1; Short=PHS 1; AltName: Full=Prostaglandin-endoperoxide synthase 1; Flags: Precursor
Gene:PTGS1 Conserved Domain Related Protein 3D Structures More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 3
Title: Novel nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs possessing a nitric oxide donor diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate moiety: design, synthesis, biological evaluation, and nitric oxide release studies.
Abstract: A novel group of hybrid nitric oxide-releasing nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs ((*)NO-NSAIDs) possessing a 1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (11, 13, 15) or 1-(N,N-dimethylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (12, 14, 16) moiety attached via a one-carbon methylene spacer to the carboxylic acid group of the traditional NSAIDs aspirin, ibuprofen, and indomethacin were synthesized. Although none of these ester prodrugs (11-16) exhibited in vitro cyclooxygenase (COX) inhibitory activity against the COX-1 and COX-2 isozymes (IC(50) > 100 microM), all of the compounds (11-16) significantly decreased carrageenan-induced rat paw edema. In this regard, the ester prodrugs 11-16 showed equipotent antiinflammatory activities in vivo to that of the parent drugs aspirin, ibuprofen, and indomethacin. All of the compounds released nitric oxide upon incubation with either phosphate buffer solution at pH 7.4 (14-16% range) or porcine liver esterase (16-19% range), but the percentage of (*)NO released was up to sixfold higher (93%) when these ester prodrugs were incubated with guinea pig serum. These incubation studies suggest that both (*)NO and the parent NSAID would be released upon in vivo cleavage by nonspecific serum esterases. The simultaneous release of aspirin and nitric oxide from the (*)NO-aspirin prodrugs constitutes a potentially beneficial property for the prophylactic prevention of thrombus formation and adverse cardiovascular events such as stroke and myocardial infarction. The data acquired in an in vivo ulcer index (UI) assay showed that for this group of ester prodrugs, particularly the (*)NO-aspirins (11, 12) and (*)NO-ibuprofens (13, 14), no lesions were observed (UI = 0) when compared to the parent drugs aspirin (UI = 57, 250 mg/kg po dose), ibuprofen (UI = 45, 250 mg/kg po dose), or indomethacin (UI = 34, 30 mg/kg po dose) at equivalent doses. Accordingly, these hybrid (*)NO-NSAID prodrugs possessing a diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate moiety, represent a new approach for the rational design of antiinflammatory drugs with reduced gastric ulcerogenicity.
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Binding
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
* Activity Concentration.
Data Table (Concise)