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BioAssay: AID 2327

Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay for toxicity in mammalian fibroblasts

Assay Overview: The basic assay strategy will consist of NIH 3T3 mammalian fibroblasts cultured in 384-well format in the presence of a sub-toxic concentration of fluconazole. Test compounds that do not inhibit subsequent growth in the presence of fluconazole will merit further evaluation for their non-toxicity. This whole cell phenotypic screening approach will only capture compounds that are more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(1835)
 
 
Active(427)
 
 
Inactive(948)
 
 
Inconclusive(462)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(1837)
 
 
Active(427)
 
 
Inactive(948)
 
 
Inconclusive(462)
 
 
 Related BioAssays
 Related BioAssays
AID: 2327
Data Source: Broad Institute (2037-04_INHIBITORS_DOSE-TITRATION_MLPCN-CHERRYPICK)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: NIH Molecular Libraries Probe Production Network
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-02-02
Modify Date: 2011-10-11

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
BioActive Compounds: 427
Related Experiments
Show more
AIDNameTypeProbeComment
1979Fluorescence Cell-Based Primary HTS of C.albicans growth in the presence of Fluconazole and compoundScreening depositor-specified cross reference: Primary HTS
2007Summary of Broad Institute MLPCN Reversing Antifungal Drug Resistance Project.Summary3 depositor-specified cross reference: Summary
2387Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Measure Toxicity of Compounds Not in the Presence of FluconazoleConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2388Luminesence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Identify Inhibitors of CalcineurinConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2400Luminesence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Identify Inhibitors of Hsp90Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2423Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Identify Inhibitors of Resistant C. albicans Growth in the Presence of FluconazoleConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2467Fluorescence Cell-Based Retest of C. albicans Growth in the Presence of FluconazoleConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
434923Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay for Toxicity in Mammalian FibroblastsConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
434930Fluorescence Cell-Based Retest of C. albicans growth in the presence of fluconazole and compoundConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
434935Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay of Resistant C. albicans Growth in the Presence of FluconazoleConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
434938Luminescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Identify Inhibitors of Hsp90Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
434945Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Identify Inhibitors of CalcineurinConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
434946Fluorescence Cell-Based Secondary Assay to Measure Toxicity of Compounds Not in the Presence of Fluconazole.Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488802Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_ActivityConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488807Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_ActivityConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488809Antifungal Drug Resistance - Mammalian Cell Toxicity Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2037-04_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_ActivityConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488836Reversing Antifungal Drug Resistance Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-01_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_ActivityConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488893Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488905Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488907Reversing Antifungal Drug Resistance Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-01_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488909Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488911Antifungal Drug Resistance - Mammalian Cell Toxicity Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2037-04_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488930Reversing Antifungal Drug Resistance Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-01_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488932Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set4Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488933Antifungal Drug Resistance - Mammalian Cell Toxicity Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2037-04_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488937Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488943Reversing Antifungal Drug Resistance Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-01_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set4Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
488950Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set4Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493064Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set5Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493069Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set6Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493070Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set5Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493080Antifungal Retest at Dose Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-09_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set3Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493081Antifungal Retest at Dose Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-09_Inhibitor_DoseNoFile_DryPowder_ActivityConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493082Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_DoseNoFile_DryPowder_ActivityConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493089Antifungal Retest at Dose Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-09_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493099Antifungal Drug Resistance - Mammalian Cell Toxicity Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2037-04_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set4Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493134Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set7Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493147Antifungal Drug Resistance - Mammalian Cell Toxicity Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2037-04_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set6Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493149Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set9Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493150Antifungal Retest at Dose Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-09_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set5Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
493157Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set8Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
504390Antifungal Drug Resistance - Hsp90 Inhibitors Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-05_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set2Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
504499Antifungal Drug Resistance - Single Agent Toxicity Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-07_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set9Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
504502Antifungal Retest at Dose Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-09_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set6Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
504504Antifungal Drug Resistance - Resistant Strain Measured in Microorganism System Using Plate Reader - 2037-02_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set10Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
504525Antifungal Drug Resistance - Mammalian Cell Toxicity Measured in Cell-Based System Using Plate Reader - 2037-04_Inhibitor_Dose_DryPowder_Activity_Set7Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
Description:
Keywords: Candida albicans, drug resistance, fluconazole, Hsp90, Calcineurin, stress response

Primary Collaborators: Susan Lindquist, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research, sll@wi.mit.edu

Assay Overview: The basic assay strategy will consist of NIH 3T3 mammalian fibroblasts cultured in 384-well format in the presence of a sub-toxic concentration of fluconazole. Test compounds that do not inhibit subsequent growth in the presence of fluconazole will merit further evaluation for their non-toxicity. This whole cell phenotypic screening approach will only capture compounds that are capable of entering and accumulating in cells to bioactive concentrations. Compound activity will be measured by the metabolism of Alamar Blue, a cell stain that is metabolized to a fluorescent product by living cells but that remains non-fluorescent in wells with growth-inhibited organisms.

Probe attributes:
a. Compounds that inhibit yeast growth in the presence, but not in the absence of 8 ug/ ml fluconazole.
b. Compounds that show a 10-fold specificity between the primary Candida test strain and mammalian cells.
c. Compounds that exhibit 10X greater inhibition against fungus than the hsp90 chaperone and /or calcineurin.
d. IC50 < 1uM


Expected Outcome: Wells in which there is toxicity will show a reduced fluorescence intensity due to a reduction in the amount of Alamar Blue dye metabolized by fewer viable cells.
Protocol
Stock solutions
Geldanamycin (GA) 15mM stock solution in DMSO
Pen/Strep 100x in PBS
Assay Medium:
Optimem medium (Invitrogen Cat#31985-070, Lot# 548536)
2.5% (v/v) Fetal Bovine Serum (Hyclone Cat#30071.03, Lot# ARF26748)
1% (v/v) Pen/Strep solution (Invitrogen Cat#15140-122, Lot#529891)
Cell Inoculum
Test Strain: NIH-3T3 mammalian fibroblasts (ATCC# CRL1658)
Concentration in assay plate: Cells plated at 6,000/well in 20 uL assay medium and cultured overnight at 37C under 5% CO2 in 384-well, transparent bottom, black, tissue culture-treated, bar-coded assay plates
Procedure: After overnight culture, compounds are pinned into wells at 100nL/well using the CyBio pinning instrument. After compounds are pinned, an additional 20 uL of assay medium supplemented with fluconazole (16 ug/mL, Sequoia Research) is added to each well. The final nominal concentration in the well will be 25 uM of test compound and 8 ug/mL fluconazole. The plates will be returned to the tissue culture incubator and culture continued for 48 hrs at 37C under 5% CO2. At the completion of this incubation, Alamar Blue solution diluted 1:40 will be added to each well (10uL/well) to achieve a final dilution of 1:200. Plates will be incubated for a further 2-3 hrs at 37C under 5% CO2 and then fluorescence intensity as a measure of relative viable cell number will be determined on an Envision plate reading fluorometer.
Dilute Alamar Blue Reagent (Biosource International Cat# DAL1100) 1:40 in Ca/Mg-free PBS. Add 6.4 ul/well to plates with Combi (final dilution factor 1:200). Incubate 2 hrs at RT. Read Relative Fluorescence Intensity (RFU) of wells on standard plate reader as measure of relative fungal growth.
Plate reader set-up- Envision, Perkin Elmer: Ex 544nm, Em 590nm, Bandwidth 12nm, Top read.
Comment
Data Analysis:
Normalization of all wells was performed using the 'Neutral Controls' one-point normalization method in Genedata Assay Analyzer, where the median of the neutral control well signals is set to normalized value of 0, and relative inhibition values of compound wells are set to the percentage of the 0 signal value. Plate pattern correction algorithms were not used.
IC50 values were calculated using the curve fitting algorithms of Genedata
Screener Condoseo (v7.0.3). EC50 values were extrapolated up to 1 log
over the highest tested concentration.
PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE
Inactive compounds = 0
Active compounds = -10*Log(EC50)
PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_OUTCOME
Activity_Outcome = 1 (inactive)
EC50 > 1 log over the highest tested concentration
Activity_Outcome = 2 (active)
EC50 <= 1 log over the highest tested concentration
Activity_Outcome = 3 (inconclusive)
Curve fitting strategy resulted in a constant fit with activity >30% but <70%
or
The fit was not valid due to poor fit quality.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From PubChem:
Assay Format: Cell-based
Assay Type: Toxicity
Assay Cell Type: NIH 3T3
From ChEMBL:
Assay Type: Functional
Result Definitions
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TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
ScoreThe BioAssay activity ranking scoreInteger
1EC50 Qualifier'>', '=', or '<'String
2EC50*the concentration whereupon perceived activity reaches 50% of the maximumFloatμM
3EC50 Standard Errorthe standard error for the calculated EC50 valueFloatμM
4S0the fitted activity level at zero concentrationFloat%
5SInfthe fitted activity level at infinite concentrationFloat%
6Hill Slopethe slope at EC50Float
7Num. Pointsthe number of data points included in the plotInteger
8Max. Activitythe maximum activity value observedFloat%
9Activity at 0.12uM (0.12μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
10Activity at 0.23uM (0.23μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
11Activity at 0.50uM (0.5μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
12Activity at 1.00uM (1μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
13Activity at 1.95uM (1.95μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
14Activity at 3.80uM (3.8μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
15Activity at 7.50uM (7.5μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
16Activity at 8.00uM (8μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
17Activity at 15.00uM (15μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%
18Activity at 16.00uM (16μM**)The average measured activity of all accepted replicates at the specified concentrationFloat%

* Activity Concentration. ** Test Concentration.
Additional Information
Grant Number: MH086456-01

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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