qHTS Assay for Inhibitors and Activators of Human alpha-Glucosidase From Spleen Homogenate
Alpha-glucosidase is responsible for the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues, which releases alpha-D-glucose. It is a lysosomal hydrolase that is required for the degradation of a small percentage (1-3%) of cellular glycogen in humans. Deficiency of this enzyme results in glycogen-storage disease type II (GSDII), also referred to as Pompe disease, an autosomal more ..
BioActive Compounds: 15
NIH Chemical Genomics Center [NCGC]
NIH Molecular Libraries Probe Production Centers Network [MLPCN]
MLPCN Grant: R03 MH084841-01
Assay Submitter (PI): Wei Zheng
NCGC Assay Overview:
Alpha-glucosidase is responsible for the hydrolysis of terminal, non-reducing 1,4-linked alpha-D-glucose residues, which releases alpha-D-glucose. It is a lysosomal hydrolase that is required for the degradation of a small percentage (1-3%) of cellular glycogen in humans. Deficiency of this enzyme results in glycogen-storage disease type II (GSDII), also referred to as Pompe disease, an autosomal recessive disorder. Structurally normal glycogen is accumulated in the lysosomes and cytoplasm in affected patients, primarily in muscle tissues. Excessive glycogen storage within lysosomes may interrupt normal functioning of other organelles and leads to cellular injury. In turn, this leads to enlargement and dysfunction of the entire organ involved (eg: cardiomyopathy and muscle weakness).
It has been reported that the improper folding and trafficking of alpha-glucosidase resulting from genetic mutations may account for a significant number of Pompe patients. 1-deoxynojirimycin, an inhibitor of alpha-glucosidase, was reported to exhibit pharmacological chaperone activity, which significantly increases the mutant enzyme activity in cells. We optimized this alpha-glucosidase assay in 1536-well plate format for identification of novel small molecule inhibitors or activators with structures other than the sugar analogs in order to develop new pharmacological chaperones. In particular, this assay is directed towards discovering compounds active in a more natural setting, tissue homogenate, that may have been missed by screens of the purified enzyme under more stringent conditions.
NCGC Assay Protocol Summary:
This is a fluorogenic enzyme assay with 4-methylumbelliferyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside as the substrate and human spleen homogenate containing alpha-glucosidase as the enzyme preparation. Upon hydrolysis of this fluorogenic substrate, the resulting product, 4-methylumbelliferone (which excites at 365 nm and emits at 440 nm) can be detected by a fluorescence plate reader. Data were normalized to the controls for basal activity (without enzyme) and 100% activity (with enzyme). The AC50 values were determined from concentration-response data modeled with the standard Hill equation.
Assay buffer: 50 mM citric acid (titrated with potassium phosphate to pH 5.0), 0.01% Tween-20 (pH 5.0 is an optimal condition for this enzyme assay)
1536-well assay protocol for the alpha-glucosidase from human spleen homogenate:
(1) Add 2 ul/well spleen homogenate (1 ug)
(2) Add 23 nL compounds in DMSO solution. The final titration was 0.5 nM to 58 uM.
(3) Add 2 ul of substrate (1 mM final)
(4) Incubate at 37 C for 40 min
(5) Add 2 ul stop solution (1M NaOH and 1M Glycine mixture, pH 10)
(6) Detect the assay plate in a ViewLux plate reader (PerkinElmer) with Ex=365 nm and Em=440nm.
Keywords: Alpha-glucosidase, Pompe Disease, pharmacological chaperone, chaperone therapy, high throughput screening, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor, MLSMR, MLSCN, NIH Roadmap, qHTS and NCGC
1. Compounds are first classified as having full titration curves, partial modulation, partial curve (weaker actives), single point activity (at highest concentration only), or inactive. See data field "Curve Description". For this assay, apparent inhibitors are ranked higher than compounds that showed apparent activation.
2. For all inactive compounds, PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE is 0. For all active compounds, a score range was given for each curve class type given above. Active compounds have PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE between 40 and 100. Inconclusive compounds have PUBCHEM_ACTIVITY_SCORE between 1 and 39. Fit_LogAC50 was used for determining relative score and was scaled to each curve class' score range.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
* Activity Concentration. ** Test Concentration.
Data Table (Concise)