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BioAssay: AID 199973

Transcriptional activation in CV-1 cells expressing Retinoid X receptor RXR gamma

Three heteroarotinoids containing a nitrogen atom in the first ring and a C-O linking group between the two aryl rings were synthesized and evaluated for RAR and RXR retinoid receptor transactivation, tumor cell growth inhibition, and transglutaminase (TGase) induction. Ethyl 4-(N,4,4-trimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl)benzoate (1) contained an N-CH(3) group and activated all retinoid more ..
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(3)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(3)
 
 
Active(3)
 
 
AID: 199973
Data Source: ChEMBL (197247)
BioAssay Type: Confirmatory, Concentration-Response Relationship Observed
Depositor Category: Literature, Extracted
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2010-05-24
Modify Date: 2014-08-23

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
Sequence: RecName: Full=Retinoic acid receptor RXR-gamma; AltName: Full=Nuclear receptor subfamily 2 group B member 3; AltName: Full=Retinoid X receptor gamma
Description ..   
Protein Family: The ligand binding domain of the retinoid X receptor and Ultraspiracle, members of nuclear receptor superfamily
Comment ..   

Gene:RXRG     Related Protein 3D Structures     More BioActivity Data..
BioActive Compounds: 3
Description:
Title: Synthesis, structure-activity relationships, and RARgamma-ligand interactions of nitrogen heteroarotinoids.

Abstract: Three heteroarotinoids containing a nitrogen atom in the first ring and a C-O linking group between the two aryl rings were synthesized and evaluated for RAR and RXR retinoid receptor transactivation, tumor cell growth inhibition, and transglutaminase (TGase) induction. Ethyl 4-(N,4,4-trimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroquinolinyl)benzoate (1) contained an N-CH(3) group and activated all retinoid receptors except for RARgamma. Inceasing the hydrophobicity around the rings with analogues ethyl 4-(N,4,4,7-tetramethyl-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydroquinolin-6-oyloxy)benzoate (2) [7-methyl group added] and ethyl 4-(4,4-dimethyl-N-isopropyl-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydroquinolin-6-oyloxy)benzoate (3) [NCH(CH(3))(2) group at C-4] increased the potency and specificity for RARalpha, RARbeta, and RXRalpha, compared to 1, but had little effect on RXRbeta and RXRgamma activation. Although 1 and 3 were unable to activate RARgamma, 2 did activate this receptor with efficacy and high potency equal to that of 9-cis-retinoic acid (9-c-RA). All three heteroarotinoids exhibited 5-8-fold greater specificities for RARbeta over RARalpha. In addition, esters 1-3 inhibited the growth of two cell lines each derived from cervix, vulvar, ovarian, and head/neck tumors with similar efficiencies to that of 9-c-RA through a mechanism independent of apoptosis. The vulvar cell lines were the most sensitive, and the ovarian lines were the least sensitive. Ester 2 was similar to 1 and 3 except that 2 was a much more potent growth inhibitor of the two vulvar cell lines, which is consistent with strong RARgamma activation by 2 (but not by 1 and 3) and the high levels of RARgamma expression in skin. All three heteroarotinoids induced production of TGase, a marker of retinoid activity in human erythroleukemic cells. Esters 2 and 3 were the more potent TGase activators than 1, in agreement with the stronger activation of the RAR receptors by 2 and 3. The biological activities of these agents, and the RARgamma potency of 2 in particular, demonstrate the promise of these compounds as pharmaceutics for cancer and skin disorders.
(PMID: 10479291)
Comment
Compounds with activity <= 50uM or explicitly reported as active by ChEMBL are flagged as active in this PubChem assay presentation.

Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From BioAssay Depositor:
Assay Type: Functional
Target Type: Target is a single protein chain
Assay Data Source: Scientific Literature
BAO: Assay Format: cell-based format
Assay Cell Type: CV-1
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
1EC50*EC50 PubChem standard valueFloatμM
2EC50 activity commentEC50 activity commentString
3EC50 standard flagEC50 standard flagInteger
4EC50 qualifierEC50 qualifierString
5EC50 published valueEC50 published valueFloatnM
6EC50 standard valueEC50 standard valueFloatnM
7EC50 binding domainsEC50 binding domainsString

* Activity Concentration.

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
Classification
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