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BioAssay: AID 1860

Epi-absorbance-based confirmation biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase.

Name: Epi-absorbance-based confirmation biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase. ..more
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(197)
 
 
Active(144)
 
 
Inactive(53)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(197)
 
 
Active(144)
 
 
Inactive(53)
 
 
AID: 1860
Data Source: The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center (VIM-2NITRO_INH_EPIABS_1536_3X%INH)
BioAssay Type: Primary, Primary Screening, Single Concentration Activity Observed
Depositor Category: NIH Molecular Libraries Probe Production Network
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2009-07-09
Modify Date: 2010-06-15

Data Table ( Complete ):           View Active Data    View All Data
Target
BioActive Compounds: 144
Related Experiments
Show more
AIDNameTypeProbeComment
1527Primary biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamaseScreening depositor-specified cross reference: Primary screening assay.
1556Epi-absorbance primary biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamaseScreening depositor-specified cross reference: Primary screening assay.
1854Summary of probe development efforts to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamaseSummary1 depositor-specified cross reference
2128Late stage results from the probe development efforts to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: probe resultsOther depositor-specified cross reference
2317Late stage results from the probe development efforts to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Prior art resultsScreening depositor-specified cross reference
504620Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: VIM-2-transformed E. coli growth inhibition in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Confirmatory depositor-specified cross reference
624079Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify nonselective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Absorbance-based biochemical assays to determine the ability of probe candidates and selected analogs to inhibit VIM-2Confirmatory1 depositor-specified cross reference
624080Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (nonselective): Growth inhibition of clinically relevant VIM-2 transformed P. aeruginosa (PA641) in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Other depositor-specified cross reference
624081Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (nonselective): VIM-2-transformed E. coli growth inhibition in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Other1 depositor-specified cross reference
624082Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (nonselective): Growth inhibition of clinically relevant New Delhi metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)-transformed K. pneumoniae (BAA-2146) in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Other depositor-specified cross reference
624083Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify nonselective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Absorbance-based biochemical assays to determine the ability of probe candidates and selected analogs to inhibit VIM-2Confirmatory1 depositor-specified cross reference
624084Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify nonselective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Absorbance-based biochemical assays to determine the ability of probe candidates and selected analogs to inhibit IMP-1Confirmatory1 depositor-specified cross reference
624085Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify nonselective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Absorbance-based biochemical assays to determine the ability of probe candidates and selected analogs to inhibit IMP-1Confirmatory1 depositor-specified cross reference
624090Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify nonselective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Absorbance-based biochemical assays to determine the ability of probe candidates and selected analogs to inhibit AmpCConfirmatory depositor-specified cross reference
624092Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify nonselective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: Absorbance-based biochemical assays to determine the ability of probe candidates and selected analogs to inhibit TEM-1Confirmatory depositor-specified cross reference
624095Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (nonselective): Growth inhibition of clinically relevant IMP-1 transformed P. aeruginosa (KN20) in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Other depositor-specified cross reference
624096Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (nonselective): Growth inhibition of clinically relevant VIM-2-transformed Acinetobacter species (YMC07/8/B3323) in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Other2 depositor-specified cross reference
624097Late stage assay provider results from the probe development efforts to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase (nonselective):IMP-1-transformed E. coli growth inhibition in the presence of imipenem (synergy)Other1 depositor-specified cross reference
1856Epi-absorbance-based counterscreen for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase.Screening same project related to Summary assay
1857FRET-based counterscreen assay for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify epi-absorbance assay artifactsScreening same project related to Summary assay
1866Epi-absorbance-based counterscreen assay for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of TEM-1 serine-beta-lactamase.Screening same project related to Summary assay
1919Epi-absorbance-based dose response biochemical high throughput screening assay for selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
1920Epi-absorbance-based counterscreen for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: dose response biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase.Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
1925Epi-absorbance-based counterscreen for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: dose response biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of TEM-1 serine-beta-lactamase.Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
1926FRET-based counterscreen for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: dose response biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify epi-absorbance assay artifacts.Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
1927FRET-based counterscreen for selective VIM-2 inhibitors: dose response biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase.Confirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2184Epi-absorbance-based counterscreen assay for common VIM-2 and IMP-1 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of TEM-1 serine-beta-lactamase.Screening same project related to Summary assay
2187Epi-absorbance-based confirmation assay for common VIM-2 and IMP-1 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase.Screening same project related to Summary assay
2189Epi-absorbance-based confirmation assay for common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase.Screening same project related to Summary assay
2319Late stage results from the probe development efforts to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase: probe resultsOther same project related to Summary assay
2715Summary of probe development efforts to identify common inhibitors of VIM-2 and IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamases (IMP-1 inhibitors)Summary same project related to Summary assay
2754Epi-absorbance-based dose response assay for common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2755Epi-absorbance-based dose response assay for common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput counterscreen to identify inhibitors of TEM-1 metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2756Epi-absorbance-based dose response assay for common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2767Late stage counterscreen results from the probe development effort to identify common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: Epi-absorbance-based biochemical dose response assay for inhibitors of TEM-1 metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2768Late stage results from the probe development effort to identify common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: Epi-absorbance-based biochemical dose response assay for inhibitors of IMP-1metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
2769Late stage results from the probe development effort to identify common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: Epi-absorbance-based biochemical dose response assay for inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamaseConfirmatory same project related to Summary assay
449774Late stage counterscreen results from the probe development efforts to identify common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: wildtype E. coli growth inhibition dose response assay (MIC: minimum inhibitory concentration)Other same project related to Summary assay
463099Late stage assay provider counterscreen results from the probe development efforts to identify common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: IMP1-transformed E. coli growth inhibition dose response assay in the presence of imipenemOther same project related to Summary assay
463100Late stage assay provider counterscreen results from the probe development efforts to identify common IMP-1 and VIM-2 inhibitors: VIM-2-transformed E. coli growth inhibition dose response assay in the presence of imipenemOther same project related to Summary assay
Description:
Source (MLPCN Center Name): The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center (SRIMSC)
Center Affiliation: The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI)
Assay Provider: Peter Hodder, TSRI
Network: Molecular Libraries Probe Production Centers Network (MLPCN)
Grant Proposal Number: 1 R21 NS059451-01 Fast Track
Grant Proposal PI: Peter Hodder, TSRI
External Assay ID: VIM-2NITRO_INH_EPIABS_1536_3X%INH

Name: Epi-absorbance-based confirmation biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify selective inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase.

Description:

The emergence of gram-negative bacteria that exhibit multi-drug resistance, combined with the paucity of new antibiotics, poses a public health challenge (1). The production of bacterial beta-lactamase enzymes, in particular, is a common mechanism of drug resistance (2-4). The beta-lactamases evolved from bacteria with resistance to naturally-occurring beta-lactams or penams (5), agents which inhibit the transpeptidase involved in cell wall biosynthesis (6). Human medicine adapted these agents into synthetic antibiotics such as penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, and monobactams that contain a 2-azetidone ring (5, 7). The metallo-beta-lactamases (MBL) are zinc-dependent class B beta-lactamases that hydrolyze the beta-lactam ring, rendering the antibiotic ineffective (6, 8). Increasingly, nosocomial beta-lactam antibiotic resistance arises in P. aeruginosa, Enterobacteriaceae, and other pathogenic bacteria via gene transfer of B1 MBLs (4, 9), including IMP (active on IMiPenem) (10) and VIM (Verona IMipenemase) (11, 12). For two of these enzymes, VIM-2 and IMP-1, no inhibitors exist for clinical use (6, 9). Thus, the identification of MBL inhibitors would provide useful tools for reducing nosocomial infections and elucidating their mechanism of action (13).

References:

1. Siegel, R.E., Emerging gram-negative antibiotic resistance: daunting challenges, declining sensitivities, and dire consequences. Respir Care, 2008. 53(4): p. 471-9.
2. Gupta, V., An update on newer beta-lactamases. Indian J Med Res, 2007. 126(5): p. 417-27.
3. Bradford, P.A., Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases in the 21st century: characterization, epidemiology, and detection of this important resistance threat. Clin Microbiol Rev, 2001. 14(4): p. 933-51, table of contents.
4. Sacha, P., Wieczorek, P., Hauschild, T., Zorawski, M., Olszanska, D., and Tryniszewska, E., Metallo-beta-lactamases of Pseudomonas aeruginosa--a novel mechanism resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Folia Histochem Cytobiol, 2008. 46(2): p. 137-42.
5. Koch, A.L., Bacterial wall as target for attack: past, present, and future research. Clin Microbiol Rev, 2003. 16(4): p. 673-87.
6. Jin, W., Arakawa, Y., Yasuzawa, H., Taki, T., Hashiguchi, R., Mitsutani, K., Shoga, A., Yamaguchi, Y., Kurosaki, H., Shibata, N., Ohta, M., and Goto, M., Comparative study of the inhibition of metallo-beta-lactamases (IMP-1 and VIM-2) by thiol compounds that contain a hydrophobic group. Biol Pharm Bull, 2004. 27(6): p. 851-6.
7. Abeylath, S.C. and Turos, E., Drug delivery approaches to overcome bacterial resistance to beta-lactam antibiotics. Expert Opin Drug Deliv, 2008. 5(9): p. 931-49.
8. Wang, Z., Fast, W., Valentine, A.M., and Benkovic, S.J., Metallo-beta-lactamase: structure and mechanism. Curr Opin Chem Biol, 1999. 3(5): p. 614-22.
9. Walsh, T.R., Toleman, M.A., Poirel, L., and Nordmann, P., Metallo-beta-lactamases: the quiet before the storm? Clin Microbiol Rev, 2005. 18(2): p. 306-25.
10. Hirakata, Y., Izumikawa, K., Yamaguchi, T., Takemura, H., Tanaka, H., Yoshida, R., Matsuda, J., Nakano, M., Tomono, K., Maesaki, S., Kaku, M., Yamada, Y., Kamihira, S., and Kohno, S., Rapid detection and evaluation of clinical characteristics of emerging multiple-drug-resistant gram-negative rods carrying the metallo-beta-lactamase gene blaIMP. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1998. 42(8): p. 2006-11.
11. Lauretti, L., Riccio, M.L., Mazzariol, A., Cornaglia, G., Amicosante, G., Fontana, R., and Rossolini, G.M., Cloning and characterization of blaVIM, a new integron-borne metallo-beta-lactamase gene from a Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolate. Antimicrob Agents Chemother, 1999. 43(7): p. 1584-90.
12. Wang, C.X. and Mi, Z.H., Imipenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa producing IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamases and lacking the outer-membrane protein OprD. J Med Microbiol, 2006. 55(Pt 3): p. 353-4.
13. Zuck P, O'Donnell GT, Cassaday J, Chase P, Hodder P, Strulovici B, Ferrer M. Miniaturization of absorbance assays using the fluorescent properties of white microplates. Anal Biochem. 2005 Jul 15;342 (2):254-9.

Keywords:

VIM-2, beta-lactamase, antibiotic resistance, bacteria, confirmation, HTS, high throughput screen, 1536, selective, inhibitor, epi-absorbance, fluorescence, Scripps, Scripps Florida, The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center, SRIMSC, Molecular Libraries Probe Production Center Network, MLPCN.
Protocol
Assay Overview:

The purpose of this assay is to confirm activity of compounds identified as active in a set of previous experiments entitled, "Primary biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of VIM-2 metallo-beta-lactamase", (PubChem AID 1527), and inactive in a set of experiments entitled, "Epi-absorbance primary biochemical high throughput screening assay to identify inhibitors of IMP-1 metallo-beta-lactamase", (PubChem AID 1556). This biochemical epi-absorbance-format assay employs the cephalosporin nitrocefin as the VIM-2 substrate, and takes advantage of the fluorescent properties of white microtiter plates (13). Nitrocefin is a yellow chromogenic substrate (Imax = 395 nm) that is hydrolyzed by beta-lactamases to yield a red product with increased absorbance properties (Imax = 495 nm) that quenches plate fluorescence by absorbing the plate's emission light (13). In this assay, test compounds are incubated with purified VIM-2 enzyme and nitrocefin in detergent-containing buffer at room temperature. The reaction is stopped by the addition of EDTA, followed by measurement of well fluorescence. As designed, compounds that inhibit VIM-2 will inhibit nitrocefin hydrolysis, inhibit generation of red product, and inhibit quenching of plate fluorescence, resulting in an increase in well fluorescence. Compounds were tested in triplicate at a final nominal concentration of 5.6 micromolar.

Protocol Summary:

Prior to the start of the assay, 2.5 microliters of Assay Buffer (50mM HEPES, 50 micromolar ZnSO4, 0.05% Brij 35, pH 7.1) containing 0.13 nM VIM-2 protein were dispensed into a 1536 microtiter plate. Next, 30 nL of test compound in DMSO or DMSO alone (0.45% final concentration) were added to the appropriate wells. The plates were then incubated for 15 minutes at 25 degrees Celsius.

The assay was started by dispensing 2.5 microliters of 120 micromolar nitrocefin solution in Assay Buffer into all wells. After 25 minutes of incubation at 25 degrees Celsius, 5.0 microliters of 500 mM EDTA were added to each well to stop the reaction. Next, the plates were centrifuged briefly and well fluorescence was read on a Viewlux microplate reader (PerkinElmer, Turku, Finland) (excitation = 480nm, emission = 530nm).

The Optical Density (OD) for each well was calculated according to the following equation:

OD = -log(RFU_SampleWell/ RFU_BlankWell)

Where:

RFU_SampleWell is defined as the raw fluorescence value obtained from test compound wells,
RFU_BlankWell is defined as the raw fluorescence value obtained from wells containing Assay Buffer.

The percent inhibition for each compound was calculated as follows:

Percent inhibition = 100*(1- (Test_Compound - Median_Positive_Control) / (Median_Negative_Control - Median_ Positive _Control))

Where:
Test_Compound is defined as wells containing VIM-2 in the presence of test compound,
Negative_Control is defined as wells containing VIM-2 in the presence of DMSO,
Positive_Control is defined as wells containing DMSO alone.

Any compound that exhibited a percent inhibition greater than the hit cutoff calculated for the Primary Screen was declared active. The reported PubChem activity score has been normalized to 100% of the highest observed inhibition value. Negative % inhibition values are reported as activity score zero.

The inactive compounds of this assay have activity score range of 0 to 5 and active compounds range of activity score is 5 to 100.

List of Reagents:

Recombinant VIM-2 (supplied by Assay Provider)
Nitrocefin (BD Diagnostic Systems, part 296289)
1536-well plates (Greiner, part 789173)
HEPES (Invitrogen, part 15630)
Brij 35 (Sigma-Aldrich, part B4184)
Zinc Sulfate (Sigma-Aldrich, part 204986)
Comment
Due to the increasing size of the MLPCN compound library, this assay may have been run as two or more separate campaigns, each campaign testing a unique set of compounds. In this case the results of each separate campaign were assigned "Active/Inactive" status based upon that campaign's specific compound activity cutoff value. All data reported were normalized on a per-plate basis. Possible artifacts of this assay can include, but are not limited to: dust or lint located in or on wells of the microtiter plate, compounds that modulate well fluorescence. All test compound concentrations reported above and below are nominal; the specific test concentration(s) for a particular compound may vary based upon the actual sample provided by the MLSMR. The MLSMR was not able to provide all compounds selected for testing in this AID.
Categorized Comment - additional comments and annotations
From PubChem:
Assay Format: Biochemical
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
ScoreThe BioAssay activity ranking scoreInteger
1Inhibition (5.6μM**)Normalized percent inhibition of the confirmation screen at a compound concentration of 5.6 micromolar.Float%
2Standard DeviationStandard deviation of the confirmation screen derived from the normalized percent inhibition of the triplicate data for each compound.Float

** Test Concentration.
Additional Information
Grant Number: 1 R21 NS059451-01 Fast Track

Data Table (Concise)
Data Table ( Complete ):     View Active Data    View All Data
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