Summary of probe development efforts to identify antagonists of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate Receptor 4 (S1P4)
Name: Summary of probe development efforts to identify antagonists of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate Receptor 4 (S1P4) ..more
Depositor Specified Assays
Source (MLPCN Center Name): The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center (SRIMSC)
Center Affiliation: The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI)
Assay Provider: Michael Oldstone, TSRI
Network: Molecular Library Probe Production Center Network (MLPCN)
Grant Proposal Number: U01 AI074564 Fast Track
Grant Proposal PI: Michael Oldstone, TSRI
External Assay ID: S1P4_ANT_LEADS_SUMMARY
Name: Summary of probe development efforts to identify antagonists of Sphingosine 1-Phosphate Receptor 4 (S1P4)
Pandemic influenza represents a significant public health threat, due in part to immune cell-mediated lung tissue damage induced during viral infection. Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive phospholipid released by activated blood platelets and serves to influence endothelial integrity, lung epithelial integrity (1), and lymphocyte recirculation (2-5) through five related high affinity G-protein coupled receptors. Recently, modulation of S1P receptors locally in the lungs was shown to alter dendritic cell activation and accumulation in the mediastinal lymph nodes, resulting in blunted T cell responses and control of immunopathological features of influenza virus infection (6). Reports showing that S1P5 expression is very low in dendritic cells but that S1P4 is highly expressed (7), suggest that chemical activation of the S1P4 receptor subtype in the airways could be efficient at controlling the immunopathological response to viral infection. S1P4 is coupled to Galphai and Galphao G-proteins and activates ERK MAPK and PLC downstream pathways (8). Thus, the identification of compounds that act as selective S1P4 agonists will provide insight into S1P4 biology and may serve as useful tools to limit lung tissue injury resulting from influenza infection.
Summary of Probe Development Effort:
Following primary screening in singlicate, confirmation of hit activity in triplicate, counterscreening in triplicate to determine selectivity, and titration assays in triplicate to determine compound potency, certain compounds were identified as candidates for probe development and were purchased as powders and profiled against the other members of the S1P receptor family. The four most potent lead compounds that confirmed following the HTS screening effort, representing four unique chemical scaffolds, were profiled against the other member of the S1P family. Based on potency towards S1P4, selectivity, and chemical tractability, SID 87241457 was chosen as the scaffold for optimization. Analogs were synthesized and tested in dose response assays against S1P4. In collaboration with the assay provider's lab, selected compounds were profiled against S1P1, S1P2, S1P3, and S1P5. These efforts led to the identification of the probe compound SID 87357351 belonging to the N,5-diphenylfuran-2-carboxamide scaffold.
All AIDs that contain results associated with this project can be found in the "Related Bioassays" section of this Summary AID. A probe report has been submitted describing the results of compound screening and analog synthesis. The results of our probe development efforts can be found at http://mlpcn.florida.scripps.edu/index.php/probes/probe-reports. A probe report for SID 87357351 can be found in the Molecular Libraries Bookshelf (PubMed Books) (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books) under ML131.
1. Sanna, M.G., J. Liao, E. Jo, C. Alfonso, M.Y. Ahn, M.S. Peterson, B. Webb, S. Lefebvre, J. Chun, N. Gray, and H. Rosen, Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor subtypes S1P1 and S1P3, respectively, regulate lymphocyte recirculation and heart rate. J Biol Chem, 2004. 279(14): p. 13839-48.
2. Forrest, M., S.Y. Sun, R. Hajdu, J. Bergstrom, D. Card, G. Doherty, J. Hale, C. Keohane, C. Meyers, J. Milligan, S. Mills, N. Nomura, H. Rosen, M. Rosenbach, G.J. Shei, Singer, II, M. Tian, S. West, V. White, J. Xie, R.L. Proia, and S. Mandala, Immune cell regulation and cardiovascular effects of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptor agonists in rodents are mediated via distinct receptor subtypes. J Pharmacol Exp Ther, 2004. 309(2): p. 758-68.
3. Gon, Y., M.R. Wood, W.B. Kiosses, E. Jo, M.G. Sanna, J. Chun, and H. Rosen, S1P3 receptor-induced reorganization of epithelial tight junctions compromises lung barrier integrity and is potentiated by TNF. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2005. 102(26): p. 9270-5.
4. Wei, S.H., H. Rosen, M.P. Matheu, M.G. Sanna, S.K. Wang, E. Jo, C.H. Wong, I. Parker, and M.D. Cahalan, Sphingosine 1-phosphate type 1 receptor agonism inhibits transendothelial migration of medullary T cells to lymphatic sinuses. Nat Immunol, 2005. 6(12): p. 1228-35.
5. Alfonso, C., M.G. McHeyzer-Williams, and H. Rosen, CD69 down-modulation and inhibition of thymic egress by short- and long-term selective chemical agonism of sphingosine 1-phosphate receptors. Eur J Immunol, 2006. 36(1): p. 149-59.
6. Jo, E., M.G. Sanna, P.J. Gonzalez-Cabrera, S. Thangada, G. Tigyi, D.A. Osborne, T. Hla, A.L. Parrill, and H. Rosen, S1P1-selective in vivo-active agonists from high-throughput screening: off-the-shelf chemical probes of receptor interactions, signaling, and fate. Chem Biol, 2005. 12(6): p. 703-15.
7. Maeda, Y., Matsuyuki, H., Shimano, K., Kataoka, H., Sugahara, K., and Chiba, K., Migration of CD4 T cells and dendritic cells toward sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is mediated by different receptor subtypes: S1P regulates the functions of murine mature dendritic cells via S1P receptor type 3. J Immunol, 2007. 178(6): p. 3437-46.
8. Toman, R.E. and S. Spiegel, Lysophospholipid receptors in the nervous system. Neurochem Res, 2002. 27(7-8): p. 619-27.
Summary AID, Sphingosine Receptor, Sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 4, S1P4, EDG6, LPC1, antagonist, inhibitor, HTS, GPCR, 1536, Tango, FRET, GAL4-VP16, beta-arrestin, beta-lactamase, BLA, reporter gene, fluorescence, dose response, counterscreen, S1P1, EDG1, EDG-1, Scripps, Scripps Florida, Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center, SRIMSC, Molecular Library Probe Production Centers Network, MLPCN.
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