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BioAssay: AID 1525

Counterscreen assay for TRPML3 agonists: cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel N1 (TRPN1)

Name: Counterscreen assay for TRPML3 agonists: cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel N1 (TRPN1) ..more
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 Tested Compounds
 Tested Compounds
All(306)
 
 
Active(40)
 
 
Inactive(266)
 
 
 Tested Substances
 Tested Substances
All(306)
 
 
Active(40)
 
 
Inactive(266)
 
 
AID: 1525
Data Source: The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center (TRPN1_AG_Calcium_1536_3X%ACT CSRUN)
BioAssay Type: Primary, Primary Screening, Single Concentration Activity Observed
Depositor Category: NIH Molecular Libraries Probe Production Network
BioAssay Version:
Deposit Date: 2009-02-13
Modify Date: 2010-06-15

Data Table ( Complete ):           Active    All
Target
BioActive Compounds: 40
Depositor Specified Assays
Show more
AIDNameTypeProbeComment
1448Primary cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel ML3 (TRPML3)screening
1424Primary cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel N1 (TRPN1)screening
2116Late stage results from the probe development efforts to identify agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 and 2 (TRPML3 and TRPML2).screening
2719Late stage results from the probe development effort to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): Fura-2 profiling assayscreening
2692Late stage counterscreen results from the probe development effort to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): TRPN1 patch clamp assayscreening
2770Late stage counterscreen results from the probe development effort to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): other ion channel Fura-2 profiling assayscreening
602128Late stage results from the probe development efforts to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): fluorescence-based cell-based dose response assay for TRPML3 agonists (probe candidates and analogs, Round 2)confirmatory
2510Late stage results from the probe development effort to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): fluorescence-based cell-based dose response assay for TRPML3 agonistsconfirmatory
2694Late stage results from the probe development effort to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): TRPML3 patch clamp assayscreening
2583Late stage counterscreen for the probe development effort to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): fluorescence-based cell-based dose response assay for TRPN1 agonists.confirmatory
602129Late stage results from the probe development efforts to identify selective agonists of the Transient Receptor Potential Channels 3 (TRPML3): fluorescence-based cell-based dose response assay for TRPML3 agonists (probe candidates and analogs, Round 3)confirmatory
1809Summary of probe development efforts to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel ML3 (TRPML3)summary2
Description:
Source (MLPCN Center Name): The Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center (SRIMSC)
Center Affiliation: The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI)
Assay Provider: Stefan Heller, Stanford University
Network: Molecular Libraries Probe Production Centers Network (MLPCN)
Grant Proposal Number 1 R03 MH083077-01
Grant Proposal PI: Stefan Heller , Stanford University
External Assay ID: TRPN1_AG_Calcium_1536_3X%ACT CSRUN
Name: Counterscreen assay for TRPML3 agonists: cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel N1 (TRPN1)

Description:

Cell signaling pathways that mediate osmosensation, photosensation, and thermosensation depend on a family of diverse transient receptor potential (TRP) cation channels, which are activated by agonist-receptor coupling (1-5). A role for these channels in inner ear hair cell mechanotransduction was gleaned from TRP channel mutations identified in flies, worms, and lower vertebrates with defective balance and impaired sensitivity to touch (1-5). TRPML3 (mucolipin 3; MCOLN3) is a TRP channel expressed in inner ear hair cells and stereocilia (5-7), suggesting it may play a role in hearing and mechanotransduction. Reports that mice with mutations in TRPML3 (known as varitint-waddler mutants) exhibit early-onset hearing loss accompanied by head-bobbing and circling behaviors (8-10), provided further support for a role of TRPML3 in hearing and vestibular function. As a result, the identification of selective probes for TRPML3 would be useful to investigate the function of TRPML3 in inner ear mechanotransduction and hearing biology.

References:

1. Clapham, D.E., TRP channels as cellular sensors. Nature. 2003. 426(6966): p. 517-24.
2. Cuajungco, M.P., C. Grimm, and S. Heller, TRP channels as candidates for hearing and balance abnormalities in vertebrates. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007. 1772(8): p. 1022-7.
3. Gillespie, P.G. and R.G. Walker. Molecular basis of mechanosensory transduction. Nature. 2001. 413(6852): p. 194-202.
4. Eberl, D.F., R.W. Hardy, and M.J. Kernan. Genetically similar transduction mechanisms for touch and hearing in Drosophila. J Neurosci. 2000. 20(16): p. 5981-8.
5. Qian F, Noben-Trauth K. Cellular and molecular function of mucolipins (TRPML) and polycystin 2 (TRPP2). Pflugers Arch. 2005 Oct;451(1):277-85.
6. Atiba-Davies M, Noben-Trauth K. TRPML3 and hearing loss in the varitint-waddler mouse. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2007 Aug;1772(8):1028-31.
7. Gong, Z., W. Son, Y.D. Chung, J. Kim, D.W. Shin, C.A. McClung, Y. Lee, H.W. Lee, D.J. Chang, B.K. Kaang, H. Cho, U. Oh, J. Hirsh, M.J. Kernan, and C. Kim. Two interdependent TRPV channel subunits, inactive and Nanchung, mediate hearing in Drosophila. J Neurosci. 2004. 24(41): p. 9059-66. 8. Di Palma, F.; Belyantseva, I. A.; Kim, H. J.; Vogt, T. F.; Kachar, B.; Noben-Trauth, K. Mutations in Mcoln3 associated with deafness and pigmentation defects in varitint-waddler (Va) mice. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. 99: 14994-14999, 2002.
9. Nagata K, Zheng L, Madathany T, Castiglioni AJ, Bartles JR, Garc#a-A#overos J. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008 Jan 8;105(1):353-8. Epub 2007 Dec 27. The varitint-waddler (Va) deafness mutation in TRPML3 generates constitutive, inward rectifying currents and causes cell degeneration.
10. van Aken AF, Atiba-Davies M, Marcotti W, Goodyear RJ, Bryant JE, Richardson GP, Noben-Trauth K, Kros CJ. J Physiol. 2008 Sep 18. TRPML3 mutations cause impaired mechano-electrical transduction and depolarization by an inward-rectifier cation current in auditory hair cells of varitint-waddler mice.

Keywords:

TRPML3, TRP cation channel, HEK 293, HTS assay, 1536, counterscreen, TRPN1, agonist, activator, deafness, fluorescence, calcium, Fluo-8 dye, Scripps, Scripps Florida, Scripps Research Institute Molecular Screening Center, SRIMSC, Molecular Libraries Probe Production Centers Network, MLPCN.
Protocol
Assay Overview:

The purpose of this assay is to determine whether compounds identified as active in a previous set of experiments entitled, "Primary cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel ML3" (PubChem AID 1448) and inactive in a previous set of experiments entitled, "Primary cell-based high-throughput screening assay to identify agonists of the transient receptor potential channel N1 (TRPN1)" (PubChem AID 1424) are nonselective agonists due to activation of TRPN1. This assay employs a HEK293 cell line that expresses the zebrafish TRPN1-YFP cation channel. The cells are treated with test compounds followed by measurement of intracellular calcium as monitored by a fluorescent, cell permeable calcium indicator dye. As designed, compounds that act as TRPN1 agonists will increase calcium mobilization, resulting in increased relative fluorescence of the indicator dye and increased well fluorescence. Compounds were tested in triplicate at a single nominal concentration of 3 micromolar.

Protocol Summary:

The TRPN1 HEK293 cell line was routinely cultured in T-175 sq cm flasks at 37 degrees C and 95% relative humidity (RH). The growth media consisted of Minimum Essential Medium with GlutaMAX supplemented with 10% v/v heat-inactivated qualified fetal bovine serum, 800 micrograms/mL Geneticin, and 1X antibiotic mix (penicillin, streptomycin, and neomycin). The day before the assay 1500 cells in 3 ul of growth media were seeded into each well of 1536 well microtiter plates and allowed to incubate at 37 degrees C, 5% CO2, and 95 % RH for 23 hours. Next, 2 ul of the fluorogenic Fluo-8 intracellular calcium indicator mixture with 1 mM trypan red plus (prepared according to the manufacturer's protocol) was added to each well. After a 1 hour incubation at 37 degrees C, 5% CO2, and 95 % RH followed by a 30 minute incubation at room temperature, the assay was started by performing a basal read of plate fluorescence (470-495 nm excitation and 515-575 nm emission) for 5 seconds on the FLIPR Tetra (Molecular Devices). Next, 15 nL of test compound in DMSO, DMSO alone (0.3% final concentration), or the cholinergic agonist carbachol (87 micromolar final concentration) in DMSO were dispensed to the appropriate wells. Then a real time fluorescence measurement was immediately performed for the remaining 120 seconds of the assay.

A ratio for each well was calculated to normalize assay data, according to the following mathematical expression:
Ratio = I_Max / I_Min
Where I_Max represents the maximum measured fluorescence emission intensity over the 125 second read and I_Min represents the minimum (basal) measured fluorescence emission intensity before compound was added.
Percent activation was calculated from the median ratio as follows:
%Activation = ((Ratio_Test_Compound- Median_Ratio_Low_Control) / (Median_Ratio_High_Control - Median_Ratio_ Low_Control)) *100
Where:
Test_Compound is defined as wells containing test compound.
High_Control is defined as wells containing carbachol.
Low_Control is defined as wells containing DMSO.

Any compound that exhibited an average percent activation greater than the hit cutoff calculated for the TRPN1 Primary screen was declared active. The reported PubChem Activity Score has been normalized to 100% of the highest observed activation value. Negative % activation values are reported as activity score zero.

The inactive compounds of this assay have activity score range of 0 to 7 and active compounds range of activity score is 7 to 100.

List of Reagents:

TRPN1 HEK293 cell line (provided by Prof. Stefan Heller)
Fluo-8 No Wash Calcium Assay Kit (ABD Bioquest, part 36316)
Trypan red plus (ABD Bioquest, part 2456)
MEM with GlutaMAX (Invitrogen, part 41090-101)
Geneticin (Invitrogen, part 10131-027)
Trypsin-EDTA solution (Invitrogen, part 25200-056)
Fetal Bovine Serum (Invitrogen, part 16140-071)
Carbachol (Sigma, part C4382)
100X Penicillin-Streptomycin-Neomycin mix (Invitrogen, part 15640-055)
T-175 tissue culture flasks (Corning, part 431080)
1536-well plates (Greiner, part 789072)
Comment
Due to the increasing size of the MLPCN compound library, this assay may have been run as two or more separate campaigns, each campaign testing a unique set of compounds. In this case the results of each separate campaign were assigned "Active/Inactive" status based upon that campaign's specific compound activity cutoff value. In this assay carbachol had an approximate EC50 of 1.5 micromolar. Possible artifacts of this assay can include, but are not limited to: dust or lint located in or on wells of the microtiter plate, compounds that non-specifically modulate calcium levels or channel activity, and compounds that quench or emit fluorescence within the well. All test compound concentrations reported are nominal; the specific concentration for a particular test compound may vary based upon the actual sample provided by the MLSMR. The MLSMR was not able to provide all compounds selected for testing in this AID.
Result Definitions
TIDNameDescriptionHistogramTypeUnit
OutcomeThe BioAssay activity outcomeOutcome
ScoreThe BioAssay activity ranking scoreInteger
1Activation (3μM**)Normalized percent activation of the primary screen at a compound concentration of 3 micromolar.Float%
2Standard DeviationStandard deviation of the counterscreen derived from the normalized percent activation of the triplicate data for each compoundFloat

** Test Concentration.
Additional Information
Grant Number: 1 R03 MH083077-01

Data Table (Concise)
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